Geophysical Survey and Investigations
The collection of remote sensing data and its application to archeology through interpretation of survey results is an invaluable tool for providing archeological site evaluations. The Southeast Archeological Center has conducted geophysical surveys at a number of parks in the Southeast including, but not limited to, Castillo de San Marcos, Horseshoe Bend National Military Park, Moores Creek National Battlefield, Dry Tortugas National Park, Natchez Trace Parkway, Blue Ridge Parkway, Vicksburg National Military Park, and Fort Pulaski National Monument (Figure 1.). Each park provides its own unique challenges regarding terrain, soil types, and the type of features trying to be located.
These challenges are met with the array of instruments at SEAC. The instruments used by SEAC include a GSSI 400mhz ground penetrating radar, a GSSI 270mhz ground penetrating radar, a FM256 fluxgate gradiometer, EM-38 ground conductivity meter, and a RM 15-D resistivity meter. Each instrument uses a different method for subsurface detection and is capable of detecting subsurface variations that the others are not. The best possible geophysical survey is one that includes all instruments, so that a comparison of the data yields the greatest possible results.