Hermit Thrush by Rusty Wilson
Hermit Thrush (Catharus guttatus).

Volunteer Rusty Wilson

Ninety Six National Historic Site is located within the Southern Piedmont region of South Carolina. The park protects a diverse variety of habitats including: riparian / bottomland hardwood forest, mesic-mixed hardwood forest, oak-hickory forest, mixed pine hardwood forest, pine plantation, agricultural fields /maintained grassy areas and a small lake and its associated wetland. Such a diverse variety of habitats allow for a great diversity of birds to inhabit Ninety Six. It is also helpful that the overall unit is not fragmented and that the diversity of habitat types present are still in a relatively natural state.

Birds are a significant part of our nation's natural heritage as well as an important component of the fauna of our nation's natural areas. Bird species play a vital role in the complex functioning of our natural world. The presence or absence of some specific bird species or species assemblages within particular natural communities can be an indicator of the overall ecological health of these communities.

From 2004-2006 a total of 137 species of birds were documented within the boundaries of Ninety Six National Historic Site. Thirty-one of them are birds of conservation concern.

Breeding seasons:

A total of 64 species were documented during the breeding seasons. An extra 7 species were recorded as incidental species detections for a total of 72 species.The five most widely distributed species were Carolina Wren, Northern Cardinal, Red-bellied Woodpecker, Red-eyed Vireo, and Tufted Titmouse. Other widely distributed species are American Crow, Northern Parula, Yellow-billed Cuckoo, Acadian Flycatcher, and Blue-gray Gnatcatcher.Other species found include American Robin, Barred Owl, Black Vulture, Brown Thrasher, Chimney Swift, Common Yellowthroat, Eastern Bluebird, Eastern Phoebe, Green Heron, Grasshopper Sparrow, Northern Mockingbird, Ovenbird, Swainson's Warbler, Wild Turkey, Wood Duck, and Yellow-breasted Chat.

Winter season:

A total of 49 species were documented during the winter surveys. Many of these were waterbirds and waterfowl found at the Star Fort Pond. Raptors such as Red-shouldered Hawks, Red-tailed Hawks, and Black Vultures and Turkey Vultures were found soaring over the forest and hunting or scavenging the fields. American Crows and Blue Jays were numerous as well. Wild TurkeyDuring the winter many species were found in mixed groups. These groups often included Carolina Chickadee, Tufted Titmouse, Golden-crowned and Ruby Crowned Kinglets, and Yellow-rumped Warblers. Other common species recorded were Northern Cardinal, American Goldfinch, American Robin, Eastern Bluebird, Cedar Waxwing, and Carolina Wren. In addition, seven species of woodpeckers were regularly found during the winter. Mixed sparrow flocks made up predominately of White-throated Sparrow, Song Sparrow, Chipping Sparrow, Field Sparrow, Dark-eyed Junco, and Eastern Towhee were common throughout brushy areas.


Birdwatchers can see different species throughout the park, but the Star Fort Pond area is a prime birding site since it provides a wide variety of habitats.
The Birds of Star Fort Pond albalm shows some of the birds you are unlikely to see anywhere else in the park.
Woodpeckers of Ninety Six will help you identify the seven species of woodpeckers found at the park.


Last updated: October 8, 2021

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Ninety Six National Historic Site
1103 Hwy 248

Ninety Six , SC 29666


864 543-4068

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