Zzyzx History

palm trees around a desert lake
All the structures to the right of Lake Tuendae are considered private property and home to the California State University Desert Studies Center.  National Park Visitors are only permitted to visit Lake Tuendae and the picnic area. Zzyzx is not an abandoned ghost town.

NPS/K. Lewandowski

Every day, commuters take notice of the strange ZZYZX sign just west of Baker California on I-15 and wonder what the heck it means. On this page, you can learn the quirky history of Zzyzx, which is now part of the Mojave National Preserve.

A Natural Oasis

The story starts thousands of years ago, when the area was cooler and wetter. A massive lake called Lake Mojave covered the land. As the climate warmed, the water evaporated, leaving behind a mineral/salt crust in the dry Soda lake and Silver Lake basins.

Water persisted in the natural oasis, and can still be found there today. A natural spring system, called Soda Springs, was used by the Mohave and Chemehuevi people for many generations, and by the mid-1800s it was also used by early western explorers and the US Army.

Hollywood Pep

In 1944, everything changed for Zzyzx. A man named Curtis Springer moved to the area and opened up a mining claim here that eventually turned him into a millionaire. Throughout the 1940s, he developed and operated Zzyzx Mineral Springs and Health Resort on his mining claim lands. The grounds consisted of a two-story castle, a dining hall, library, lecture room, pool house, goat farm, and rabbit rooms. Although Curtis Springer had left school after 9th grade, he referred to himself as a doctor. His radio show became extremely popular, being broadcast over 300 stations worldwide, and hundreds of visitors came out to visit his spa. Over the 30 years that he managed the resort, he shipped over 4 million packages all over the country, including Antediluvian Herb Tea, Nerve Cell Food, and Hollywood Pep Cocktail. The nearby town of Baker had to build a post office just to accommodate his mail.

By the late 1960s, things started to fall apart for Curtis Springer. Although many customers were very satisfied with his products, complaints started increasing. After all, a former employee described Doc Springer’s formula as 10% crust from Soda Lake and 90% Epsom salts. When truly sick people arrived at Zzyzx, they found that they were miles away from actual medical care. Springer was also accused of tax evasion by the IRS, and the FDA accused him of false advertising. Finally, the Bureau of Land Management stepped in to dispute Mr. Springer’s mining claims on the land he operated on. After spending a couple months in jail for the worst of his charges, he lived out the rest of his life in Las Vegas.

trail signs at Zzyzx
Look for signs showing the Lake Tuendae Loop Trail to refrain from trespassing onto CSU Fullerton property.

NPS/K. Lewandowski

Visiting Zzyzx

California State University took over the facility in 1976, and now operates a Desert Studies Center there. Zzyzx is open to the public, and thanks to its pools of water, it is one of the best birding locations around. Visitors are invited to walk around Lake Tuendae and imagine being one of the guests here when the resort was at its prime. The buildings across the lake are on private property, occupied, and should not be disturbed.
Taken from inside poolhouse ruins. A window frame stands without walls or a roof. In the foreground are empty bathtub-sized soaking pool depressions in the pavement.
The old pool house ruins still stand at Zzyzx.  The ruins are on private property at the California State University Desert Studies Center.  This is an active educational area with teachers, researchers, and students.  Please respect their privacy. The surrounding buildings remain active and occupied.  The property line is the road that separates Lake Tuendae from the Desert Studies Center Campus.

NPS Photo

Last updated: August 14, 2023

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Mailing Address:

2701 Barstow Road
Barstow, CA 92311


(760) 252-6100
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