Montezuma Castle National Monument supports a highly diverse flora. In spite of the small acreages of the Castle and Well units, together they support 379 species of plants. This is an impressive amount for a semiarid upland area with less than 12 inches of precipitation annually. These plants not only support an incredible natural ecosystem, but tell the story of a millennium of continued use by local cultures. We call that use ethnobotany; walk our trails and learn how the desert flora provides for our human needs.
We partner with the Southwest Environmental Information Network, or SEINet
, to inventory the botanical resources of Montezuma Castle National Monument. For interactive lists of plants, with links to images, click: Montezuma Castle
or Well Unit
For a brochure with information about selected plants in the Verde Valley, click below: