Staghorn sumac grows up to 15’ tall. It’s large, red, fuzzy seed structures may be 10” long. The leaves are alternate and contain 11-31 toothed leaflets. The stems are yellow-brown and fuzzy and resemble the velvet covering developing deer antlers. This shrub typically reproduces through root suckers and is most often found in stands that may be relatively small or covering fairly large areas.
The staghorn sumac is shade intolerant so is most often found along the edges of forests, in forest openings, encroaching on grasslands and fields, and along roadsides. It is most noticeable in late summer and autumn when its green leaves turn brilliant red accented in orange and yellow.
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Last updated: March 7, 2018