Patriots of Color

Between 20 and 40 colonists of the approximately 4,000 who fought on the Battle Road on April 19, 1775, were African or Native American. By the end of the war, an estimated 5,500 African and Native American men had served on the colonial side. Many more served on the side of the British, particularly after the war moved south. Why would these men fight for a society that treated them as inferior?


Mary Hartwell and the Alarm on April 19, 1775

April 19, 1775 was a day Mary would remember for the rest of her life. Her actions that day have left historians with somewhat of a mystery. Read this excellent paper by local historian and Lincoln Minute Man, Donald L. Hafner.

Women's Lives in 1775

Men and women alike were startled out of bed in Concord, Lincoln, and Lexington early on April 19, 1775. As the alarm spread through the towns, men gathered their guns and congregated with their neighbors and friends to meet the approaching British troops. Yet, behind the valiant actions of Concord, Lincoln, and Lexington’s Minutemen were the many women and children who watched over the contraband the Regulars searched for, prepared food for their fathers, husbands, and brothers, and waited anxiously to hear whether the British had succeeded and if everyone was safe.

Governor John Brooks and the Fight at Meriam's Corner

John Brooks served as Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts from 1816-1823. When he was just 23 years old he commanded a minute man company from the town of Reading Massachusetts. His bold action at Meriam's Corner on April 19, 1775 set the tone for the rest of that long, bloody day.

The Authors who made The Wayside Home:

The Wayside was home to three literary families: The Alcotts (1845-1848), The Hawthornes (1852-1870) and The Lothrops (1882-1965). Before that the house was an April 19, 1775 witness house. Encounter three centuries of history and literature at The Wayside.


Sculptor, Daniel Chester French

Born April 20, 1850, Daniel Chester French would, at age 25, go on to create one of the most iconic sculptures in American history, The Minute Man. He also created the Seated Lincoln in the Lincoln Memorial in Washington DC.

James Chandler

In a secluded woodlot near the home of Col. James Barrett there is a solitary grave, “Erected In Memory of Mr. James Chandler who died of the Small Pox Dec 8th, 1792 in the 79th year of his age.” Although the marker has remained beautifully undisturbed for nearly 228 years, there is much the grave of Mr. Chandler can tell us.

Last updated: May 7, 2020

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