OverviewAllegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site is located between Johnstown and Hollidaysburg, Pennsylvania. It is located in the Allegheny Mountains. The Allegheny Portage Railroad played a vital role in the nation's industrialization during the first half of the nineteenth century by linking the eastern United States to the west. Ten inclined planes allowed the railroad to overcome grades up to 5-6/8 degrees along the rugged terrain of the Allegheny Mountains, as the boats from the Pennsylvania Mainline Canal were portaged over the mountains.
Vegetation classification and mapping was conducted at Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site, creating a current digital geospatial vegetation database for the park. Sixteen vegetation associations, Alder Riverine Shrubland, Allegheny Hardwood Forest, Conifer Plantation, Dry Eastern Hemlock - Oak Forest, Eastern Hemlock - Northern Hardwood Forest, Eastern Hemlock - Tuliptree - Birch Forest, Japanese or Giant Knotweed Herbaceous Vegetation, Modified Successional Forest, Northern Hardwood Forest, Northern Red Oak - Northern Hardwood Forest, Reed Canarygrass Riverine Grassland, Sparsely Vegetated Cliff, Successional Old Field, Sugar Maple Floodplain Forest, Tuliptree - Beech - Maple Forest, and Wet Meadow, that occur within the park were identified and described in detail. These vegetation types are strongly influenced by the varied environmental settings and land use history of the park.