History and Culture

The Homestead Act of 1862 was one of the most significant and enduring events in the westward expansion of the United States. By granting 160 acres of free land to claimants, it allowed nearly any man or woman a "fair chance."

Millions of Americans including immigrants, women, and formerly enslaved men and women would make the dream of westward expansion a reality for this country. For over a century these settlers would test their grit and endurance in the untamed wilderness and remote frontiers. Homestead National Monument of America, located in Southeast Nebraska, commemorates this Act and the far-reaching effects it had upon the landscape and people.

It is the purpose of our government "to elevate the condition of men, to lift artificial burdens from all shoulders and to give everyone an unfettered start and a fair chance in the race of life."

- President Abraham Lincoln, July 4, 1861

A collage of advertisement about moving west

Homestead Act

Learn why the Homestead Act of 1862 has been called one of the most important pieces of Legislation in the history of the United States.

Artifacts in the museum collection related to Daniel Freeman

Museum Collection

The museum collection includes historical items, archaeological artifacts, biological specimens, and archival records.

President sitting in a car signing a bill while three men watch

Park History

Learn about the history of Homestead National Monument of America from 1936 to today.

Family posing for a photo in front of their homestead


Nearly 4 million homesteaders settled our country over 123 years, across 30 states. Learn a bit about their stories.

Prairie grass with the roof of a cabin seen over the grasses.


Learn about places to visit within the park and about the history of homesteads around the country.

Two people sitting at computers looking at homestead records


Research is conducted by Homestead National Monument of America to better understand and share stories of the homesteading experience.


The Homestead Act & Its Impacts

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    Last updated: October 12, 2020

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    Mailing Address:

    8523 West State Highway 4
    Beatrice , NE 68310


    (402) 223-3514

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