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Built To Last: Ten Enduring Landmarks of Baltimore’s Central Business District


During the summer of 2001, the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) and the Maryland Historical Trust, in coordination with the Maryland Historical Society, the City of Baltimore's Historical and Architectural Preservation (CHAP) and Preservation Maryland, recorded ten historic buildings and sites within Baltimore's Central Business District through large-format photography and original historical research. The heart of the downtown area and focus of intensive redevelopment efforts, Baltimore's Central Business District is a designated city historic district and home to a diverse array of historic commercial and civic buildings, churches, theaters and other landmarks. Many of them predate the district's Great Fire of 1904 and chronicle Baltimore's rise as a financial, commercial and civic center. This project, resulting in more than 150 photographs by Baltimore area photographer James W. Rosenthal for HABS and ten detailed architectural histories by Laurie Ossman, PhD., a Baltimore City resident, grew out of concern about the recent loss of the Merchants & Miners Transportation Company Building at 17 Light Street and other buildings of architectural distinction in Baltimore. 

Ranging chronologically from the Peale Museum (1814) to the Baltimore Trust Company Building (1929), and in function from Old St. Paul's Church (1846) to the Gayety Theatre (1906), the ten landmarks selected for this study illustrate the enduring values of permanence, responsible stewardship, and tradition in architecture as an integral part of Baltimore's ongoing vitality, civic pride and unique identity.


1. Peale Museum
2. Monument Square & the Battle Monument 
3. Pennsylvania Railroad Company District Office
4. Alex. Brown & Sons Company Building
5. Mercantile Trust & Deposit Company
6. Vickers Building
7. Gayety Theatre
8. Baltimore Trust Company Building
9. B&O Railroad Company Headquarters Building
10. Old St. Paul's Episcopal Church

Please direct inquiries on this exhibit to:
Martin Perschler
HABS /HAER/HALS Collections Manager
National Park Service 
Department of the Interior 
1849 "C" Street, N.W. (2270) 
Washington, D.C.  20240-0001 
tel: (202) 354-2165 
fax: (202) 371-6473