On August 1, 2016, Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park celebrated its centennial. In commemoration of this event, the park has produced series of publications on the history and culture of Hawaiʻi Volcanoes. The subject matter of these periodicals varies from early pre-park history and the people who forged its establishment, to philanthropic associations that have had a profound positive impact on park operations, public outreach and education. Future publications will spot light the park's museum art collection, historic preservation, archeology, and the native Hawaiian voice and perspective on Hawaiʻi Volcanoes Park amongst other topics.
The first centennial publication, "Fire on the Rim: The Creation of Hawaii National Park," (pdf - 3.4MB), describes the tenacious actions that led to the park's establishment. It will take the reader through a brief look at the founding of the National Park, the growing Euro-American interest in Kīlauea and the few influential men behind the scenes that encouraged development of scientific study and economic tourism in Hawaii. The shrewd undertakings of men like Lorrin A. Thurston, for example, kindled the call for hotel development, and improved trails and new roadways leading to the summits of both Kīlauea and Mauna Loa. Once land easements as well as right of ways were secured from monarchal land trusts and private owners, federal appropriations needed to support the operations of Hawaiʻi National Park were released.
The second publication in our centennial series, "Gathering on the Rim: People Build a Park," (pdf-4.21MB), is a fascinating account of philanthropic relations that brought the park to fruition. It provides a brief introduction to early pre-park history of the first Euro-American visitors, Kīlauea's significant importance to scientific research, and the effect of mounting popularity and interest in the volcano. With the advent of private citizens on pleasure tours and a growing military presence, the need for visitor accommodations and improved roadways and trails were evident.
Last updated: April 20, 2020