A kumu with drum and hula dances on the rim of a volcanic caldera

The First Hawaiians

The native people who continue to call this ʻāina home, as they have for centuries

Black and white photo of a company of soldiers marching through a town street

Buffalo Soldiers

Between 1915 and 1917, six companies of the 25th Infantry were present in what is now Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park.

Hawaiian aliʻi and attendants all wearing red and yellow on the edge of a volcanic crater

The Aliʻi

The royal class and traditional nobility of the Hawaiian islands.

Black and white image of a paniolo on a horse herding cattle

The Paniolo

These Hawaiian cowboys managed livestock on the large ranches of Hawaiʻi Island, including at Kahuku

Black and white photograph of a building and a bell tower

Japanese Detention at Hawaiʻi Volcanoes

More than 100 resident Japanese were interned at Kilauea Military Camp during World War II

Black and white photograph of Civilian Conservation Corps in the 1930s


In the 1930s, the Civilian Conservation Corps put millions of men to work on public lands, including in Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park

Black and white photograph of a sitting man with a mustache

Prince Kūhiō

As a Hawaiian congressional delegate, Kūhiō introduced the bill establishing what is now Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park

Painting of an erupting volcanic caldera with a snow-covered mountain beyond

The Volcano School

The Volcano School generation of artists brought international attention to Hawaiʻi with dramatic artistic renditions

Black and white portrait of Mark Twain

Mark Twain at Kīlauea

In 1866, author Mark Twain journeyed to Kīlauea, then still little-known on the mainland

Painting of 19th century soldier

Lt. Charles Wilkes

Leader of the first US exploring and surveying expedition to the South Seas

Black and white portrait of a bearded Caucasian man, George WC Jones

George W.C. Jones

The proprietor of both the Volcano House hotel and the Kahuku Ranch


Last updated: February 10, 2021

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Hawaii National Park, HI 96718


808 985-6011

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