The Hudson's Bay Company's Fort Vancouver

Bird's eye view of the Fort Vancouver stockade, buildings, and Village during the fur trade era. Artist's representation is a vew from the north looking south across the fort to the Columbia River.

NPS Painting by Richard Schlect


A Fur Trade Fort

The London-based Hudson's Bay Company established Fort Vancouver in 1825 to serve as the headquarters of the Company's interior fur trade. The first Fort Vancouver was located on the bluff to the northeast of the fort's current location, where it was relocated in 1829. The fort served as the core of the HBC's western operations, controlling the fur business from Russian Alaska to Mexican California, and from the Rocky Mountains to the Pacific Ocean. Vancouver was the principal colonial settlement in the Pacific Northwest, and a major center of industry, trade, and law.

The Village to the west of the fort was Vancouver's first neighborhood. The employees of the Hudson's Bay Company lived there with their families in simple one or two room cabins. The Village was incredibly diverse, a community of people whose homelands spanned half the globe.

In 1866, the fort burned to the ground. What can be visited today is a reconstruction built on the archaeological footprint of the original fort.

Discover the stories of the people who lived here

Archaeology of Fort Vancouver

In 1947, National Park Service Archaeologist Louis Caywood was assigned with locating the original Fort Vancouver, which had burned to the ground in 1866, so that it could be preserved by the National Park Service. At that time, the location of the fort was an open field. Caywood's efforts were successful, and his excavations from 1947 to 1952 began the process of locating the remains of the Hudson's Bay Company fort.

Reconstruction based on this archaeology began in the 1960s. Today, the fort stockade and several buildings have been reconstructed and can be explored by modern visitors.

Learn more about archaeology at Fort Vancouver

Visiting the Fort

Learn about visiting Fort Vancouver here. Read on to learn about the buildings and locations at Fort Vancouver.

After a closure due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the reconstructed Fort Vancouver reopened on March 2, 2021. Learn more about visiting Fort Vancouver during the pandemic here.


Places at Fort Vancouver

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    Last updated: February 25, 2021

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