Trail of Tears Overlook N 35° 23.265’
W 94° 25.997’
Under the Indian Removal Act of 1830, the U.S. government exchanged tribal lands in the east belonging to Choctaws, Cherokees, Chickasaws, Muscogee (Creeks), and Seminoles for land west of the Mississippi River. The subsequent treaties, many of them illegal, forced removal and horrendous Indian suffering. This removal process left a bitter legacy remembered today as the Trail of Tears. The primary reason for this removal was the insatiable desire of the U.S. citizens for Indian lands. During 1830-1842 each of the Five Tribes traveled various land and water routes to Indian Territory. Groups from each tribe traveled the Arkansas River, stopped at Fort Smith and received supplies before reaching their destinations.