“The Lady Who is in Favor of the Adoption of The Star-Spangled Banner”
In 1931, Congressman J. Charles Linthicum finally succeeded in his quest to make the Star-Spangled Banner the national anthem of the United States. However, the driving force behind his success was Ella Virginia Houck Holloway - better known as Mrs. Reuben Ross Holloway . As President of the Maryland Society of the United Daughters of 1812, a society dedicated to the promotion of patriotism and the preservation of American history, Holloway had petitioned Linthicum back in 1918 to introduce a bill adopting Francis Scott Key’s poem as the national anthem. It took thirteen long years and during this time Holloway worked tirelessly to gather public support, becoming the “back of this movement,” according to Linthicum.
A Firm Believer in Flag Etiquette
Holloway was involved in numerous patriotic activities, including serving as chairman of the United Daughters of 1812’s Committee on the Correct Use of the Flag. She firmly believed that children should be taught to salute the flag every morning before breakfast, and that everyone should stand when the national anthem was played. Holloway also disapproved of using the flag emblem on clothing and other items, including birthday cakes. Some of her positions remain controversial in the present day .
Last updated: August 29, 2020