Guidelines for the Treatment of Cultural Landscapes



Preservation Planning

Factors to Consider

Special Requirements

Using the Standards + Guidelines

Organization of the Guidelines




The Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties, published in 1992, were reviewed by a broad cross-section of government entities and private sector organizations. The Guidelines for the Treatment of Cultural Landscapes were developed in cooperation with the Alliance for Historic Landscape Preservation and were also reviewed by individual State Historic Preservation Offices nationwide.

Several individuals have made significant contributions to the Guidelines. First, Kay D. Weeks, was instrumental in insuring consistency with the Standards, providing an indepth review for the entire document.

Lauren Meier who orchestrated the first draft of this document (1989-1992) established a project framework, an interested constituency (bringing in the Alliance and other groups) and project momentum. Christine Capella Peters of the New York State Office of Parks, Recreation and Historic Preservation not only participated in the Alliance working group, but dedicated two, one-week long intensive work sessions where a majority of the Guidelines were developed.

A number of Alliance members also made contributions over the past few years through their participation in the projects working group or in writing. Significant support was offered from Noel D. Vernon, Patricia M. O’Donnell, Ian J. W. Firth, George W. Curry, and Shary Page Berg. Additionally, Mary V. Hughes, Barbara Wyatt, Ellen Lipsey, Susan Turner, Julia Sniderman, Kathleen Maloney, Catherine Howett, Genevieve Keller, David Jacques, and Lynette Strangstad also provided assistance.

National Park Service (NPS) colleagues also reviewed a number of drafts. This group includes Ed Bearss, Randall Biallas, Blaine Cliver, Edward Drotos, Shaun Eyring, Anne Grimmer, Alan Hutchings, Lucy Lawliss, David Look, Linda McClelland, Darwina Neal, Robert R. Page, Susan Spain, Pat Tiller, Jan Townsend, and Sherda Williams. NPS colleagues also assisted with illustrating the document. Here contributions were made by Sherda Williams, Great Plains System Support Office; Marla McEnaney, Great Lakes System Support Office; Elliot Foulds, Lauren Meir and Nora Mitchell at the Olmsted Center for Landscape Preservation, Lucy Lawliss, Gulf Coast System Support Office; Cathy Gilbert, Columbia Cascade Cluster; Robert R. Page, Park Historic Structures and Cultural Landscapes; and, Paul Dolinsky, Robert Azola and Judy Collins of the Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS).

Outside of the NPS, several organizations and individuals have assisted with illustrating the document. This includes Pam Seager, Rancho Los Alamitos; Nancy LaCola, Downing Park Planning Committee; Fran Beatty, Boston Parks & Recreation; Joe DiMatteo, Prospect Park Alliance; Mary Hughes, University of Virginia; John Karel, Tower Grove Park; Sara Miller, Central Park Conservancy; Julia Sniderman, Chicago Park District; Elizabeth Anderson, County of Maui Planning Department, Dan Mariott, National Trust for Historic Preservation; Shereen Minvielle, Shadows-on-the Teche; Don and Carolyn Etter; Marion Pressley, Pressley Associates; Dale Jaeger, The Jaeger Group; Peggy Nelson, Landscape Systems; Liz Viza, The Halvorson Company; George Atta, Group 70; Douglas Reed Landscape Architecture; and Patricia O’Donnell, Landscapes. The photographer Carol Betsch also provided several photos.

Finally, this document is dedicated to Kay Weeks and H. Ward Jandl, who recognized the importance of creating guidelines for landscapes, and thus the impetus for a national program.

Charles A. Birnbaum, FASLA
Coordinator, Historic Landscape Initiative

The Lord and Burnham greenhouse at Lyndhurst in Tarrytown, New York, now stabilized and protected is interpreted as a ruin. The 1881-structure contributes to the landscape’s significance and its future treatment and management are an integral part of a current Historic Landscape Report. (Lyndhurst archives and author, 1990)