Did you know African Americans fought in every American war since the Revolution? During the American Revolution, War of 1812, and the Civil War they formed volunteer units and were only allowed to serve during war. That all changed on July 28, 1866.
On July 28, 1866, Congress passed legislation that allowed African Americans to enlist in the regular army. This was the start of almost 90 years of service in the U.S. Army. Buffalo Soldiers fought in America’s wars from 1866 through the Korean War of the 1950s. Discover the role these men played during war at the links below.
Buffalo Soldiers 1860s to the 1890s
Discover the stories of the Buffalo Soldiers from 1866 through the 1890s
Buffalo Soldiers in Spanish American War
Nearly 3,000 soldiers from the 9th Cavalry, 10th Cavalry, 24th Infantry and 25th Infantry participated in the Spanish American War.
Buffalo Soldiers in World War One
Discover the stories of some of the 350,000 African American men who fought in World War One.
Buffalo Soldiers in World War Two
Discover the stories of African Americans who served in the Army during World War Two
Buffalo Soldiers in the Korean War
The Korean War (1950 to 1953) was the last conflict in which segregated units fought for the U.S. military.
Medal of Honor Recipients
Since the 1860s there have been over 90 African Americans awarded the Medal of Honor. Follow this link to discover their stories.
Before the Buffalo Soldiers
From the Revolution to the present day, African Americans have fought for the United States. Learn more about their contribution here.
The Veterans Podcast
Watch new podcast episodes featuring WWII African American vets, Mr. Harold J. Warren, Jr. & former WAC 1st Lt. Vivian "Millie" Bailey.
Last updated: January 17, 2023