Eastern Spadefoot

Scaphiopus holbrookii
Eastern Spadefoot

NPS Photo

Family: Scaphiopodidae

Scaphiopus holbrookii

Eastern Spadefoot

Size: 4.4 to 8.3 cm long (1 ¾" to 3 ¼")

General Description: Skin relatively smooth and olive to brown to almost black in color, often with 2 light yellowish colored lines down back that start at each eye. Together the lines may form a lyre or misshapen hourglass shape. May be an additional light line on each side of the body. Belly white to grayish. Sickle-shaped spade on each hind foot. Tympanum apparent. Pupils of eyes vertical. No parotoid gland on head. This is the only spadefoot to occur east of the Mississippi River.

Reproduction: Breeds after rains fill temporary pools March to September.

Habitat: Uses loose sandy or gravelly soils in forested, brushy or cultivated areas. Lives in shallow burrows.

Behavior: Nocturnal.

Voice: Calls are short, low-pitched explosive grunts that are repeated at brief intervals.

Last updated: April 14, 2015

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