Great Egret
A Great Egret catching dinner

NPS Photo/Brit Brown

Birds are the most easily observed animals in the park. Spring and Fall migration brings a number of different species through the park. Stormy weather can drive a few pelagic birds in from the open ocean for a visit. In summer, a number of tern species, egrets, black skimmers, herons, piping plovers and other shorebirds nest within the park's boundaries.

Mammals are uncommon on the islands; rice rats, rabbits, river otters, and raccoons are some of the native species found here. On Shackleford Banks is a population of horses that has gone wild and adapted to their environment over the past few hundred years.

Although salt and brackish water environments dominate the islands, a few fresh water habitats support tree frogs and Fowler's toads. While diamond-back terrapins prefer the salt marsh areas, the grasslands are the preferred habitat for five-lined racerunner lizards and black racer snakes.

Loggerhead Sea Turtle Hatchlings
Loggerhead Sea Turtle hatchlings crawling out of a nest protected by an exclosure grate.

NPS Photo/Brit Brown

Not all of the animals of Cape Lookout National Seashore are found on land.

The waters surrounding the park are feeding grounds for marine mammals and sea turtles, the largest reptiles in our park. Four sea turtle species--Loggerhead, Green, Kemp's Ridley, and Leatherback--are sometimes seen feeding in area waters. Only the Loggerhead sea turtle regularly nests on the park's beaches during the summer months. The others are found only as juveniles or are just passing through.


Species Lists for Cape Lookout National Seashore

These species lists have been compiled based on in field observations, specimen collections, and literary records. They are the most complete records we have available at this time.

Note: We’re sorry, but the publication files are being updated and are not currently available. We will repost them soon. Contact us for more information.

CALO Species Fact Sheet (pdf, 12 Kb)

CALO Bird Species List (pdf, 119 Kb)

CALO Terrestrial Mammal Species List (pdf, 15 Kb)

CALO Marine Mammal Species List (pdf, 42 Kb)

CALO Reptile and Amphibian Species List (pdf, 22 Kb)


More information on the health of the wildlife at Cape Lookout can be found in the annual reports on the Wildlife Management webpage.

Last updated: October 20, 2023

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131 Charles St
Harkers Island, NC 28531


252 728-2250

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