Basalt

basalt axe
Basalt was used to make tools, such as axe heads, hoes, and corn grinders.

The Rock
Basalt is a very hard, dense, black volcanic rock that forms when lava oozes to the surface and cools. Basalt underlies the tuff cliffs and is exposed in the lower canyons of the park.

The Uses
Basalt was used to make tools, such as axe heads, hoes, and corn grinders. Because Bandelier’s basalt is very fine grained, it was also used to make cutting, piercing, and scraping tools.

Contact the Park

Mailing Address:

Bandelier National Monument
15 Entrance RD

Los Alamos, NM 87544

Phone:

(505) 672-3861 x517
Visitor Center front desk

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