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Occupation of Alcatraz, 50th Anniversary Commemoration

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A woman paints the thunderbird on the dock sign during 50th anniversary of the Occupation.

Red Power On Alcatraz: Pespectives 50 Years Later

November 2019 - June 2021

Virtual Exhibition


On November 20, 1969 a group of Indigenous activists called the Indians of All Tribes arrived on Alcatraz Island. They spoke out against the U.S. Government's Termination Policy and the broader plight of Indigenous people. Red Power on Alcatraz: Perspectives 50 Years Later tells the story of their 19 ­month occupation of the island, a watershed moment in the movement for civil rights. For the 19 months duration of the exhibit, visitors can view photographs by Brooks Townes, Ilka Hartmann and Stephen Shames, original materials collected by Kent Blansett, visual storyboards created by UrbanRezLife, and contributions from the community of former occupiers.

The exhibition invites visitors to investigate the choices – both personal and political – that led to this revolutionary moment in U.S. history. How did the occupiers arrive to the Island? How did the Indian of All Tribes organize to address the rights of inidigenous people on and off reservations? And what can we learn from the 1969 Occupation that can help us address the present-day issues?


Red Power on Aclatraz is the latest special exhibition at Alcatraz Island. Special exhibitions explore the heritage of this land, allowing for fresh perspectives and a deeper exploration of the topics and themes presented in the permanent exhibits, interpretive programs and materials on the Island.

In developing Red Power on Aclatraz, the counsel for the Indians of All Tribes collaborated with
Golden Gate National Recreation Area, Alcatraz Island and the Golden Gate Parks Conservancy.

50th Commemoration

November 20, 2019 marked 50 years to the day, that the Indian of All Tribes arrived and occupied Alcatraz for 19 months. On November 20, 21, and 23 of this year, the Indians of All Tribes, their descendants and community came back to Alcatraz to commemorate their revolutionary actions. These three days also served as the official opening of the commemorative exhibit: Red Power on Alcatraz: Perspectives 50 Years Later. Visit the photo galleries below for moments taken from the event and tour the exhibition when in the New Industries building:

About The Exhibitors:

There are many rare, and historic photos and artifacts taken or collected by our four exhibitors, that are displayed at a large scale in Red Power on Alcatraz and available to experience virtually. Get to know a little bit about the exhibitors below:

Wall of photos, Kent Blansett
Kent Blansett in front of his collection: Not Your Indians Anymore. Alison Taggart Barone NPS

Kent Blansett is a Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Shawnee, and Potawatomi descendant from the Blanket, Panther, and Smith families. He is an Associate Professor of History and Native American Studies at the University of Nebraska at Omaha. Not Your Indians Anymore is a collection of original artifacts, rare media, never before seen photographs, albums, video, art, comic books, and other ephemera that document the history behind the Alcatraz takeover from 1969-1971.

Ilka Hartmann smiling near her exhibit
Ilka Hartmann in front of her photos from the Occupation. Alison Taggart Barone NPS.

Ilka Hartmann came to the U.S. at 22, and soon fell in love with photography. In 1969, she read that indigenous people claimed Alcatraz for indians and began following the Occupation daily. It took until May 30, 1970 for Ilka to get to the island. With borrowed cameras, she took pictures of the occupiers that day. She would visit one other time before her last trip on June 11, 1971, when the remaining occupiers were removed from the island. Since, Hartmann has photographed communities and movements in the Bay area, and beyond.

Stephen Shames
Stephen Shames with Ilka Hartmann. Alison Taggart Barone NPS

Stephen Shames went to Alcatraz with a friend and fellow photographer Alan Copeland soon after the Indians of All Tribes claimed the island. He became friends with Richard Oakes. And the three of them produced a book, “Alcatraz is Not an Island” with his photos and Richard Oakes’ text. The book was never published perhaps because Richard’s essay seemed too radical for east coast book editors. Shames' photographs featured in the exhibit, were taken in 1969 on Alcatraz plus images from other tribes, pow wows and communities around the west.

Brooks Townes and Peter Bowen aboard one of the three boats that transported occupiers in 1969.
Peter Bowen and Brooks Townes (R) aboard a boat that brought the 93 people to Alcatraz to begin the occupation on November 20, 1969.

Brooks Townes was living on a sailboat in Sausalito when asked by the Occupation’s organizers if he could round up fellow sailors and boats to take 60 people to Alcatraz in the pre-dawn of November 20, 1969. He could and did - 93 people showed up so two of the three boats had to make two sneaky round trips to Alcatraz. Seeing no photographers on the Island, Townes, with Richard Oakes' permission photographed the first 9 days of the Occupation. Townes worked most of his life as a journalist for daily newspapers and magazines, until he retired.

Women in black stand in front of wall, next to large red letters reading "Red Power" In between
UrbanRezLife stands besides restored political messaging on Alcatraz Island.

UrbanRezLife is an artist, story teller and writer. She is a enrolled member of the Caddo Nation. She is also Cheyenne Arapaho. Born and raised in San Francisco, California, she was on Alcatraz as a child with her mother, sister's and aunt. She shares some Storyboards about her memories of being a child on Alcatraz. She created these Storyboards thru the eyes of her 8 and 9 year old self. Each Storyboard highlights a childhood memory. To this day UrbanRezLife continues to share the stories of the Occupation of Alcatraz.

Last updated: June 30, 2020