The period of significance begins with the extension and improvement of 16th Street past Florida Avenue in 1903 and ends with the installation of a memorial to Cardinal James Gibbons in 1932. The reservation is located across from the Shrine of the Sacred Heart. The most prominent feature of Reservation 309 G, a statue of Cardinal James Gibbons, Archbishop of the diocese of Baltimore, was erected in 1932. Reflective of naturalism, the memorial is a rare example in Washington, DC of a portrait statue of a leader of a religious community.
The 1918 landscape design by landscape architect John H. Small, Jr. predates the memorial. The cultural landscape, despite some changes to plant material, reflects the community desire for the public use of the reservation and contributes to the property’s significance. Mount Pleasant residents themselves wanted to ensure that some triangular reservations would become public parks ideal for statuary and memorials.
US Reservation 309 G retains integrity for its period of significance, 1903-1932. The landscape of 309 G has been altered slightly with changes made in 1946, 1966, and 1988. In 1988, several of the reservations in the Mount Pleasant Park neighborhood, including Reservation 309 G, were rehabilitated. While making some changes to the historic landscape, especially with regard to materials, the plan was sensitive to the original design.
- Cultural Landscape Type: Designed
- National Register Significance Level: State
- National Register Significance Criteria: C
- Period of Significance: 1903-1932