Black History at Fort Vancouver National Historic Site

From the fur trade era of the early 19th century to the U.S. Army's establishment of Vancouver Barracks, the stories of Black people are an integral part of the story of Fort Vancouver National Historic Site.

Discover their stories at the links below.

Black History at Fort Vancouver

  • Historic print of Fort Vancouver.
    George Washington Créol

    George Washington Créol was an African American employee of the Hudson's Bay Company who worked at Fort Vancouver.

  • Black and white print of a man wearing a suit.
    George Bush

    A former fur trader, George Bush arrived at Fort Vancouver as an American settler in 1844.

Black History at Vancouver Barracks

  • A census document with names written in cursive.
    Monimia Travers

    In 1851, Monimia Travers, a woman kept in slavery by a U.S. Army captain, was freed at Vancouver Barracks.

  • Black and white photo of a Black man wearing a military uniform.
    Buffalo Soldiers

    From 1899 to 1900, "Buffalo Soldiers" from Company B of the 24th U.S. Infantry Regiment were stationed at Vancouver Barracks.

Fort Vancouver National Historic Site

Last updated: November 2, 2023