[NPS Arrowhead]
U.S. Dept. of Interior National Park Service Archeology Program Quick Menu Features * Sitemap * Home

Visit Archeology > Ohio > Timeline > Industrial Age

The Industrial Age (200 - Present)

Ohio’s fertile land, relatively temperate climate, natural resources, central location, and easy access via the Great Lakes contributed to its rapid settlement and development in the 1800s. After the War of 1812 and the Civil War, Ohio experienced swift economic and industrial growth. New avenues of transportation, such as canals and roadways, aided Ohio's commercial and industrial development.

Ohio became the “gateway” between the east coast and the Midwest. The Erie Canal and the National Road were particularly influential. Railways eventually replaced canal transportation as the state and national road systems improved.

Ohio became home to a number of industries. Most notably, John Rockefeller’s Standard Oil Company in Cleveland and B.F. Goodrich’s rubber plant in Akron supplied thousands of jobs to Ohioans. Ohio also became a central manufacturer for furniture and machinery. Coal and iron used in manufacturing were shipped through Lake Erie and arrived in Ohio regularly. In addition, natural high quality clay sources enabled the development of a pottery industry. Farming enterprises increased as other industries arose and transportation needs were met.