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Visit Archeology > Samuel de Champlain's Expeditions > Port Royal

Port Royal (modern Port-Royal National Historic Site, Canada)

After the harsh winter in 1604–1605, a more suitable place for settlement was located at Port Royal, a sheltered harbor on the western shore of Nova Scotia. Champlain described Port Royal in his journal and drew the site:

Champlain's drawing of the settlement of Port Royal, 1606.

Champlain's drawing of the settlement of Port Royal, 1606.

"The plan of the settlement was ten fathoms in length and eight in breadth, which makes thirty-six in circumference. On the eastern side is a storehouse of the full width, with a very fine cellar some five to six feet high. On the north side is the Sieur de Monts dwelling, constructed of fairly good wood-work. Around the courtyard are the quarter of the workmen. At one corner on the western side is a platform whereon were placed four pieces of canon; and at the other corner, towards the east, is a palisade fashioned like a platform, as can be seen from this following picture."

By August 1605, the Sieur de Monts moved the settlement there and was summoned back to France. Francis Grave (c. 1554–1629), the Sieur de Pont Grave was left in charge of Port Royal in his place.

After another difficult winter, at the first signs of spring Champlain and the explorers sailed along the coast of Maine and Massachusetts Bay.

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