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Technical Brief 18 Protecting Archeological Sites on Eroding Shorelines: A Hay Bales Approach


The U. S. Army Corps of Engineers field office at Lake Sharpe, South Dakota, developed the information in this brief. The staff of the field office was most gracious in sharing their experiences in developing the approach. Without their efforts in describing both its positive and negative aspects, this brief would not have been possible. I am especially indebted to A. K. (Konnie) Olsen, Lake Sharpe Park manager, for his courtesy and cooperation. It has been largely through his efforts that the approach was developed.


1. Among these are the Antiquities Act (P.L. 59-209), the National Historic Preservation Act (P.L. 89-665, as amended), the National Environmental Policy Act (P.L. 90-190), the Archeological and Historic Preservation Act (P.L. 93-291), and the Archaeological Resources Protection Act (P.L. 96-95, as amended). Regulations include "Protection of Historic Properties" (36 CFR Part 800, especially Section 14), "Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Historic Preservation Projects" (36 CFR Part 68), "Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Archeology and Historic Preservation" (48 FR 44716-44742, especially 44737-44738), "Protection of Archaeological Resources: Uniform Regulations" (18 CFR Part 1312, 32 CFR Part 229, 36 CFR Part 296, and 43 CFR Part 7), and U.S. Army Corps of Engineers Regulation ER1130-2-438, "Project Construction and Operation, Historic Preservation Program."

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