Resources and tools are available to assist in carrying out requirements and pursuing opportunities for archeological public outreach and education. In addition to those linked within each section of this module, the following sources are helpful.
Laws and Policies
Full text of laws applicable to archeology outreach and plain English explanations are available online:
- Archeological Laws and Ethics
- Archeology Laws
- NPS Office of Policy
- NPS 28: Cultural Resource Management Guideline
Director's Orders include special directives aimed at the NPS to encourage outreach.
- DO 6: Interpretation and Education
- DO 7: Volunteers in Parks
- DO 17: Tourism
- DO 28A: Archeology
- DO 75A: Civic Engagement and Public Involvement
Find assistance in identifying stakeholders and resources for effective outreach and civic engagement programs.
On the web:
- Civic Engagement Resources include related links, a bibliography, the Community Tool Box, and more.
- Archaeologists and Local Communities. Edited by Linda Derry and Maureen Malloy (Society for American Archaeology, 2003).
- Archeology as a Tool of Civic Engagement. Edited by Barbara J. Little and Paul A. Shackel (AltaMira Press, 2007)
- Technical Brief 23: Archeology and Civic Engagement, Barbara J. Little and Nathaniel Amdur-Clark
Consultation may take place with tribes, the general public, or other stakeholders. Outreach opens lines of communication.
- Native American Consultation Database (NACD) is a tool for identifying consultation contacts for Indian tribes, Alaska Native villages and corporations, and Native Hawaiian organizations. The database is not a comprehensive source of information, but it does provide a starting point for the consultation process.
- Consultation, from the 2008 Programmatic Agreement Toolkit for NHPA Section 106
Find assistance about the various public and professional audiences for archeological outreach.
On the web:
- According to the poll Exploring Public Perceptions and Attitudes About Archaeology by Harris Interactive, Americans support the goals and practice of archeology, think it's important to today's society, and endorse laws protecting sites and artifacts. Still, they harbor major misconceptions about the discipline and its accomplishments.
- Public Benefits of Archeology for communities, historians, ecologists, educators, forensics, museums
- Public Benefits of Archaeology. Edited by Barbara J. Little (University Press of Florida, 2002). See: Table of Contents and Selected Bibliography
- Archeology Education Handbook: Sharing the Past with Kids. Edited by Karolyn M. Smardz (AltaMira Press, 2000).
- Presenting Archaeology to the Public: Digging for Truths. Edited by John Jameson (AltaMira Press, 1997).
- Past Meets Present: Archaeologists Partnering with Museum Curators, Teachers and Community Groups. Edited by John H. Jameson, Jr. (Springer, 2007).
Beyond the NPS
Learn from museums and centers beyond the NPS.
- The Anthropology Outreach Office at the National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution, includes news on departmental outreach activities including public programs, educational programs, exhibits, and publications.
- Read about exemplary archeological outreach projects on the Society for American Archaeology's Archaeology for the Public webpage. Also learn about writing for the public, exhibits, and more on the tips page.
- Project Archaeology is a joint project of the U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management and Montana State University. Project Archaeology gives students a basic understanding of how archaeology works and teaches them to respect and protect our nationís rich cultural heritage.
- The Crow Canyon Archaeological Center has an active educational and exhibits program.
- The Alutiiq Museum Archaeological Respository has an active community outreach program that involves collections, excavations, and public programs.