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Chapter 2
Report on the Osteological Assessment of the "Kennewick Man" Skeleton (CENWW.97.Kennewick)
Joseph F. Powell and Jerome C. Rose

Table 2

Table 2 provides a listing of 65 Howells variable sets or dimensions used in the craniometric analysis. Nine tables are provided. Each table has 8 columns with Total in the left corner and 7 variable sets indicated by a unique acronym. Each table has four additional rows, which from top to bottom are Primary, Intraobserver, Interobserver, and No Reconstruction.

A primary data set of 52 dimensions was defined after removal of those that demonstrated univariate statistical nonmormality or could not be observed on the Kennewick cranium. A smaller variable set of 49 had low intraobserver error; 45 variables had both low intraobserver and interobserver error; 33 dimensions had low error and could be recorded without requiring cranial reconstruction.

The abbreviations for the Howells variable sets are identified in Appendix I, which lists all 65 sets. The following cranial dimensions were excluded from the primary data set: minimum cranial breadth (WFB), bizygomatic breadth (ZYB), external alveolar length (MAL), minimum cranial breadth (WCB), mastoid height (MDH), supraorbital projection (SOS), glabella projection (GLS), bistephanic breadth (STB), stephanic subtense (STS), frontal subtense (FRS), foramen magnum breadth (FOB), zygomailla radius (ZMR), M1 alveolus radius (AVR).

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