Nature & Science
Valley Forge National Historical Park encompasses an area of great historical significance, as well as a substantial area of native biodiversity. The 3,500-acre park is one of the few, large, contiguous, protected areas in southeastern Pennsylvania that has a variety of habitat types including a river, numerous streams and forested wetlands, eastern deciduous forest, and tall-grass meadows. The park is surrounded by residential, commercial and industrial developments of Montgomery and Chester Counties on all sides, thus it is an oasis for native wildlife.
Here are some helpful natural resource links to enhance your visit to Valley Forge NHP:
The Crayfish Corps
Want to help?
Download the Corps Brochure for more info and how to sign up!
To date, over 315 species of animals have been reported within the park; 225 of these are birds! Such an impressive diversity of animal species has been observed within the park because of the variety, sizes and spatial arrangements of habitat types, including deciduous forests, tall-grass meadows, wetlands, and riparian zones.
The diversity of plant life that inhabits Valley Forge National Historical Park is directly related to the geology and hydrology of the area. Over 730 species of plants are known to occur within the park.
The white-tailed deer management plan can be viewed here.
Did You Know?
Port Kennedy Cave, located in what is now Valley Forge NHP, produced one of the most significant assemblages of Pleistocene fossils in North America. 14 plants and 48 animals are represented, including wolverine, Wheatley's ground sloth, long-nosed peccary, Hay's tapir, and lesser short-faced bear. More...