• Sunlight illuminates the top of historic Mission San José de Tumacácori church.

    Tumacácori

    National Historical Park Arizona

Missions

Tumacácori Mission Church

San José de Tumacácori Mission's church

NPS Photo by Clar Speck

From his arrival in the Pimería Alta in 1687 until his death in 1711, Padre Kino established over twenty missions. Missions were communities established to convert Native Peoples to Christianity and the Spanish way of life.

The Jesuit religious order of Catholic missionaries administered them until the time of their expulsion in 1767. From 1768 until after Mexico earned its independence in 1821 the missions were operated by the Franciscan religious order of Catholic missionaries. Some are still in use today while others have fallen into ruin.

The mission sites of San José de Tumacácori, Los Santos Ángeles de Guevavi, and San Cayetano de Calabazas are administered by Tumacácori National Historical Park; the park offers tours of its three mission sites.

Missions of the Pimería Alta include:

San José de Tumacácori
Los Santos Ángeles de Guevavi
San Cayetano de Calabazas
San Ignacio de Sonoitac
San Xavier del Bac
Santa María Suamca
Nuestra Señora de los Dolores de Cósari
San Ignacio de Cabúrica
Santa María Magdalena
San José de Ímuris
La Purísima Concepción De Caborca
San Diego del Pitiquito
San Antonio Paduano de Oquitoa
San Pedro y San Pablo de Tubutama
Nuestro Padre San Francisco de Átil
Nuestra Señora del Pópulo del Bisanig
Nuestra Señora de los Remedios de Doágibubig
Nuestra Señora del Pilar y Santiago de Cocóspera
Santa Gertrudis del Sáric

 
Banámichi

Banámichi

Photo by Mike Hopkins

When Father Kino first came north to the Opatería, his last jumping off point before moving up the valley to establish his home mission of Nuestra Señora de los Dolores de Cósari, was the already established mission to the Opata Indians called Los Santos Reyes de Cucurpe.

Other nearby missions to the Opata and Pimas Bajos Indians include:
Nuestra Señora de la Asunción de Arizpe
San Ignacio de Cuquiárachi

Did You Know?

Tumacácori Mission church, ca. 1889

Construction of the Franciscan church at Tumacácori took place from about 1800 through the early 1820s. Due to lack of funds, the plans for the structure not only had to be modified, the building was never finished.