Mississippian Time Period
The Woodland period civilizations that took root in the Mississippi and Tennessee River Valleys flowered in the Mississippian period. Large towns and ceremonial complexes with huge temple mounds were made possible by the refinement of corn agriculture. Because of the establishment of these permanent settlements, places like Russell Cave were used only sporadically as stopovers for hunting and trading parties. The Cherokee Indians of the historic period rarely used the cave.
Did You Know?
The National Fire Plan, created by Congress in 2000, seeks to improve management of wildland fires through fuels reduction, prescribed fire, and other programs. The photo at left was taken during a prescribed fire at Russell Cave National Monument.