• Pipe Spring National Monument

    Pipe Spring

    National Monument Arizona


Indian ricegrass

Stipa Hymenoides

The tiny seeds of Indian ricegrass require considerable work to process into food. The husks are first toasted to loosen the kernels. Then the grains are rolled under a small stone cylinder to crack the hulls. Winnowing separates the hull from the kernels, which are then dried for storage. When roasted and ground into flour, wai makes a filling mush or gravy.


Did You Know?

Fort at Pipe Spring

The fort at Pipe Spring National Monument was built over a spring, similar to castles in Europe and the Middle East.