• Pipe Spring National Monument

    Pipe Spring

    National Monument Arizona


Scrub Live Oak

Quercus Turbinella

Acorns of this scrub live-oak were collected for food. The acorn meats were roasted, boiled, or ground into flour. Kwi´-uv provided a slow, longburning fuel in a region where hardwoods are scarce. Live-oak wood made tough bows.


Did You Know?

James Whitmore, and the Pipe Spring Longhorns of today, Whit and Tess

James Whitmore brought 400 longhorns with him from Texas to Utah in the 1850s. On April 13, 1863, Whitmore received a land certificate for a 160-acre tract, which included Pipe Spring.