• young visitor petting horse

    Oxon Cove Park & Oxon Hill Farm

    Maryland

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  • No public programs Wednesday September 17, 2014

    The Park will be open but there will be no public programs on Wednesday September 17, 2014. Meet the Dairy Cow, the Wagon Ride, and Chicken & Egg programs will not be happening on this day. Please call the park at 301.839.1176 if you have any questions.

History & Culture

living history presentation
A living history program at Oxon Cove Park that depicts life during the DeButts ownership of the property.
NPS photo.
 

For hundreds of years, the land that today is Oxon Cove Park, has attracted men and women who have recognized its agricultural potential. Beginning in the early 19th century, Oxon Cove Park witnessed changing land patterns typical of the southern Maryland region. These changes began with the Debutts family who bought the property and established the Mount Welby Plantation.

The Mount Welby period represents only one layer of the park's deep and diverse history. The park has been home for many generations of human habitation during the past 10,000 years--beginning with the Native American peoples who have hunted for wild game and gathered plants up until the 17th century.

Forty-eight years after the Debutts sold the property, the land was acquired by the United States Government to establish a therapeutic farm for St. Elizabeths Hospital known as Godding Croft.

The property was entrusted to the National Park Service in 1959 to protect its natural and cultural resources from the threat of increased urban development, and to continue to tell the story of the land and how it has changed overtime.

Did You Know?

white farm house

The white farm house at Oxon Hill Farm was known as Mount Welby in the early 1800s. In 1891, Saint Elizabeths Hospital acquired Mount Welby and renamed it Godding Croft. The white farm house is the oldest structure in the park.