• young visitor petting horse

    Oxon Cove Park & Oxon Hill Farm

    Maryland

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  • POSTPONED: September 20 Young African American Lecture Series

    The September 20 Young African American Lecture Series has been postponed. The first event in this series will now be held Saturday October 18, 2014. More »

  • Saturday October 4, 2014 Program Change

    Our Meet the Dairy Cow, Chicken Program, and Park's Past tour of the historic house will be offered on October 4, 2014. However, the Wagon Ride will not take place. Please call the park at 301.839.1176, if you have any questions.

History & Culture

living history presentation
A living history program at Oxon Cove Park that depicts life during the DeButts ownership of the property.
NPS photo.
 

For hundreds of years, the land that today is Oxon Cove Park, has attracted men and women who have recognized its agricultural potential. Beginning in the early 19th century, Oxon Cove Park witnessed changing land patterns typical of the southern Maryland region. These changes began with the Debutts family who bought the property and established the Mount Welby Plantation.

The Mount Welby period represents only one layer of the park's deep and diverse history. The park has been home for many generations of human habitation during the past 10,000 years--beginning with the Native American peoples who have hunted for wild game and gathered plants up until the 17th century.

Forty-eight years after the Debutts sold the property, the land was acquired by the United States Government to establish a therapeutic farm for St. Elizabeths Hospital known as Godding Croft.

The property was entrusted to the National Park Service in 1959 to protect its natural and cultural resources from the threat of increased urban development, and to continue to tell the story of the land and how it has changed overtime.

Did You Know?

cider press

The oldest fruit tree in the National Park Service can be found at Oxon Hill Farm. For centuries the making of cider from apples has been more than just pressing fruit to provide a delicious drink. Cider making was a social event for family and neighbors.