• young visitor petting horse

    Oxon Cove Park & Oxon Hill Farm

    Maryland

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  • Saturday August 2, 2014 Program Change

    Our Meet the Dairy Cow and Chicken Program will be offered on August 2, 2014. However, due to limited staff, the Wagon Ride and Park's Past tour of the historic house will not take place. Please call the park on 301.839.1176, if you have any questions.

  • No public programs on Wednesday August 6, 2014

    Due to staff planning meetings, the Park will be open but there will be no public programs. Meet the Dairy Cow, the Wagon Ride, and Chicken & Egg programs will not be happening on this day. Please call the park at 301.839.1176 if you have any questions.

  • No public programs on Wednesday August 13, 2014

    Due to staff meetings, the Park will be open but there will be no public programs. Meet the Dairy Cow, the Wagon Ride, and Chicken & Egg programs will not be happening on this day. Please call the park at 301.839.1176 if you have any questions.

History & Culture

living history presentation
A living history program at Oxon Cove Park that depicts life during the DeButts ownership of the property.
NPS photo.
 

For hundreds of years, the land that today is Oxon Cove Park, has attracted men and women who have recognized its agricultural potential. Beginning in the early 19th century, Oxon Cove Park witnessed changing land patterns typical of the southern Maryland region. These changes began with the Debutts family who bought the property and established the Mount Welby Plantation.

The Mount Welby period represents only one layer of the park's deep and diverse history. The park has been home for many generations of human habitation during the past 10,000 years--beginning with the Native American peoples who have hunted for wild game and gathered plants up until the 17th century.

Forty-eight years after the Debutts sold the property, the land was acquired by the United States Government to establish a therapeutic farm for St. Elizabeths Hospital known as Godding Croft.

The property was entrusted to the National Park Service in 1959 to protect its natural and cultural resources from the threat of increased urban development, and to continue to tell the story of the land and how it has changed overtime.

Did You Know?

OXCO 1891

In 1891, Saint Elizabeths Hospital, acquired the Oxon Cove Park Property, to establish a farm where patients, removed from the confines of a hospital setting, could benefit from fresh air and outdoor work at this new "farm colony." This hospital farm was called Godding Croft.