Colonel Thaddeus Kosciuszko
Robert Wilson oil painting, 1980
Patriot Military Engineer
Born: February 12, 1746, Poland
Died: October 15, 1817, Switzerland
Full Name: Tadeusz Andrzej
At Ninety Six:
May 22- June 18, 1781
● 35 years old
● May 22: Convinced Patriot General Greene to set siege to the Loyalist held Star Fort. Kosciuszko reasoned that when the Star Fort fell so would the Loyalist held town and Stockade Fort.
● May 22-23: Night. Directed a battery for cannon to be dug starting at 70 yards from the Star Fort, but workers were attacked by Loyalists.
● May 23-24: Night. Directed trenches to be dug starting at 300 yards from the Star Fort.
● June 4: Directed Maham Tower to be built, 30 feet high and 30 yards from the Star Fort.
● June 9-10: Night. Loyalists attacked the Patriot trenches & Kosciuszko was wounded in “his seat of honor.”
● June 20: Left Ninety Six with General Greene.
Painting depicts Kosciuszko with the Maham Tower, siege trenches, map of the Star Fort, and sextant used in mapping. There are towns in Mississippi & Texas, and a county in Indiana named for Colonel Kosciuszko.