• Aerial View of the Star Fort by William A. Bake

    Ninety Six

    National Historic Site South Carolina

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    Effective 9.29.13: Visitor Center is CLOSED Mondays & Tuesdays. Wednesdays - Sundays, the Visitor Center will be OPEN 9 AM - 4 PM. Star Fort Pond is CLOSED 9 AM Sundays – 9 AM Tuesdays. Park grounds open dawn to dusk. Gates lock at 5 PM.

Colonel Thaddeus Kosciuszko

kosciuszko web

Col. Thaddeus Kosciuszko, Chief Engineer Continental Army

Robert Wilson oil painting, 1980

Patriot Military Engineer

Born: February 12, 1746, Poland

Died: October 15, 1817, Switzerland

Full Name: Tadeusz Andrzej
Bonawentura Kosciuszko

Pronounced: Kos-Choos-ko

At Ninety Six:

May 22- June 18, 1781

● 35 years old

May 22: Convinced Patriot General Greene to set siege to the Loyalist held Star Fort. Kosciuszko reasoned that when the Star Fort fell so would the Loyalist held town and Stockade Fort.

May 22-23: Night. Directed a battery for cannon to be dug starting at 70 yards from the Star Fort, but workers were attacked by Loyalists.

May 23-24: Night. Directed trenches to be dug starting at 300 yards from the Star Fort.

June 4: Directed Maham Tower to be built, 30 feet high and 30 yards from the Star Fort.

June 9-10: Night. Loyalists attacked the Patriot trenches & Kosciuszko was wounded in “his seat of honor.”

June 20: Left Ninety Six with General Greene.

Painting depicts Kosciuszko with the Maham Tower, siege trenches, map of the Star Fort, and sextant used in mapping. There are towns in Mississippi & Texas, and a county in Indiana named for Colonel Kosciuszko.

Did You Know?

Light Horse Harry Lee

Henry "Light Horse Harry" Lee got his nickname because of his daring rides against the British. Lee’s Legion wore green uniforms like those of the British Cavalryman Banastre Tarleton. It allowed them to operate in enemy territory & blend with the landscape.