NEW OPERATING HOURS
Effective 9.29.13: Visitor Center is CLOSED Mondays & Tuesdays. Wednesdays - Sundays, the Visitor Center will be OPEN 9 AM - 4 PM. Star Fort Pond is CLOSED 9 AM Sundays – 9 AM Tuesdays. Park grounds open dawn to dusk. Gates lock at 5 PM.
Colonel Thaddeus Kosciuszko
Robert Wilson oil painting, 1980
Patriot Military Engineer
Born: February 12, 1746, Poland
Died: October 15, 1817, Switzerland
Full Name: Tadeusz Andrzej
At Ninety Six:
May 22- June 18, 1781
● 35 years old
● May 22: Convinced Patriot General Greene to set siege to the Loyalist held Star Fort. Kosciuszko reasoned that when the Star Fort fell so would the Loyalist held town and Stockade Fort.
● May 22-23: Night. Directed a battery for cannon to be dug starting at 70 yards from the Star Fort, but workers were attacked by Loyalists.
● May 23-24: Night. Directed trenches to be dug starting at 300 yards from the Star Fort.
● June 4: Directed Maham Tower to be built, 30 feet high and 30 yards from the Star Fort.
● June 9-10: Night. Loyalists attacked the Patriot trenches & Kosciuszko was wounded in “his seat of honor.”
● June 20: Left Ninety Six with General Greene.
Painting depicts Kosciuszko with the Maham Tower, siege trenches, map of the Star Fort, and sextant used in mapping. There are towns in Mississippi & Texas, and a county in Indiana named for Colonel Kosciuszko.
Did You Know?
On June 18, 1781, 50 men called the Forlorn Hope rushed forward to attack the Star Fort. They were led by Lt Isaac Duval of 1st MD & Lt Samuel Selden of 1st VA. The name Forlorn Hope means that many would be wounded or killed in the attack.