• Aerial View of the Star Fort by William A. Bake

    Ninety Six

    National Historic Site South Carolina

There are park alerts in effect.
show Alerts »
  • NEW OPERATING HOURS

    Effective 9.29.13: Visitor Center is CLOSED Mondays & Tuesdays. Wednesdays - Sundays, the Visitor Center will be OPEN 9 AM - 4 PM. Star Fort Pond is CLOSED 9 AM Sundays – 9 AM Tuesdays. Park grounds open dawn to dusk. Gates lock at 5 PM.

Lt Colonel John Harris Cruger

undefined

Lt. Colonel John Harris Cruger, DeLancey’s Brigade

Robert Wilson oil painting, 1978

Loyalist Commander

Born: 1738, New York City

Died: June 2, 1807 London, Eng.

Buried: London, England

At Ninety Six:

● 43 years old

Early August 1780: Became Loyalist commander at Ninety Six.

Fall 1780: Fortified Town & Stockade.

December 1780- Early 1781: Had Star Fort built.

May 22- June 19, 1781:

● Commander of about 550 Loyalists from New York, New Jersey, & South Carolina.

June 3: Refused to surrender to Greene.

June 13: Learned that British reinforcements were coming.

June 21- Early July 1781: Burned town of Ninety Six, destroyed supplies, and then left Ninety Six to the backcountry Patriots.

There are no recognized paintings of Cruger. This painting was done from paintings and pictures of Cruger's known relatives. Cruger's red coat signifies his allegiance to the British/ Loyalist side of the Revolutionary War.

Did You Know?

Star Fort

The Star Fort was built in late 1780 & completed in early 1781 by Loyalist soldiers & slaves. The eight point Star Fort walls were originally 14 feet in height. The Star Fort was one of the most difficult to construct.