• Aerial View of the Star Fort by William A. Bake

    Ninety Six

    National Historic Site South Carolina

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  • NEW OPERATING HOURS

    Effective 9.29.13: Visitor Center is CLOSED Mondays & Tuesdays. Wednesdays - Sundays, the Visitor Center will be OPEN 9 AM - 4 PM. Star Fort Pond is CLOSED 9 AM Sundays – 9 AM Tuesdays. Park grounds open dawn to dusk. Gates lock at 5 PM.

James Birmingham

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Patriot James Birmingham?

Ninety Six National Historic Site

James Birmingham, of the Long Cane Militia, is considered to have been the 1st Patriot killed in the South during the American Revolution. Not much is known about him other than he might have lived on Penny's Creek off of Long Cane Creek in present AbbevilleCounty. He was killed during the 1st Battle of Ninety Six at the Stockade Fort, November 19-21, 1775.

In 1972, human remains were found at the Stockade Fort by Stanley South of the University of South Carolina's Institute of Archeology and Anthropology. Further investigation still needs to be done to determine if the picture above really is of Patriot James Birmingham. The skeleton is currently stored at the Institute of Archeology and Anthropology in Columbia, South Carolina.

Did You Know?

Star Fort

The Star Fort was built in late 1780 & completed in early 1781 by Loyalist soldiers & slaves. The eight point Star Fort walls were originally 14 feet in height. The Star Fort was one of the most difficult to construct.