• Aerial View of the Star Fort by William A. Bake

    Ninety Six

    National Historic Site South Carolina

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    Effective 9.29.13: Visitor Center is CLOSED Mondays & Tuesdays. Wednesdays - Sundays, the Visitor Center will be OPEN 9 AM - 4 PM. Star Fort Pond is CLOSED 9 AM Sundays – 9 AM Tuesdays. Park grounds open dawn to dusk. Gates lock at 5 PM.

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    The park (including parking lot and restrooms) is closed on the following upcoming holidays: Columbus Day, Veterans Day, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas Day, and New Years Day.

James Birmingham


Patriot James Birmingham?

Ninety Six National Historic Site

James Birmingham, of the Long Cane Militia, is considered to have been the 1st Patriot killed in the South during the American Revolution. Not much is known about him other than he might have lived on Penny's Creek off of Long Cane Creek in present AbbevilleCounty. He was killed during the 1st Battle of Ninety Six at the Stockade Fort, November 19-21, 1775.

In 1972, human remains were found at the Stockade Fort by Stanley South of the University of South Carolina's Institute of Archeology and Anthropology. Further investigation still needs to be done to determine if the picture above really is of Patriot James Birmingham. The skeleton is currently stored at the Institute of Archeology and Anthropology in Columbia, South Carolina.

Did You Know?

Maham Tower

During the Siege of Ninety Six, the Patriots built a rifle tower. Sharpshooters were able to fire into the Loyalist held Star Fort. The Loyalists tried to burn the tower but it was made of green wood & would not burn. A reproduction stands now at 10 feet, one third of the original height.