The land, water, and sky of the upper Mississippi River are teaming with life. The Mississippi and the surrounding land provide food and shelter for migrating birds, unique fish, and remarkable mammals. The upper Mississippi is home to one of the largest populations of nesting bald eagles in the lower 48 states of the US, and many eagles can be seen roosting in enormous white pines along its banks. In the waters of the Mississippi, over 200 species of fish make their home, along with many of Minnesota's 48 freshwater mussel species. Mammals, including otters and muskrats, live along the banks and in the waters of the Mississippi River as well.
Invasive Asian Carp
Bald Eagle Survey
Did You Know?
At Lake Itasca, the elevation of the Mississippi River is 1,475 feet above sea level. It drops to sea level at the Gulf of Mexico. More than half of that drop occurs within the state of Minnesota.