• Halema`uma`u Just Before Dawn

    Hawai'i Volcanoes

    National Park Hawai'i

What's Going on With the Volcano?

 
The eruption of Kīlauea volcano continues at two locations. In the park, the vent within Halema'uma'u Crater is easily viewed from the overlook at the Jaggar Museum. The second location is the Pu'u 'Ō'ō vent located 10 miles (16km) east of the summit, on the remote east rift zone of Kīlauea. This area is not accessible to the public. There is no lava flowing into or towards the ocean.
 
Halema‘uma‘u lights the morning sky

Halema‘uma‘u Lights the Morning Sky - Photo taken from the overlook by the Volcano House on January 30, 2014 @ 6:25 a.m. - Click for full size image

NPS Photo

Fumes and glow from the lava lake within the vent at the summit of Kīlauea may be seen from the Jaggar Museum overlook and other vantage points along Crater Rim Drive.

During the day a robust plume of volcanic gas is a constant and dramatic reminder of the molten rock churning in a lava lake within the crater. After sunset, Halema'uma'u continues to thrill visitors and park staff with a vivid glow that illuminates the clouds and plume (weather permitting).

Park rangers are on duty at the Jaggar Museum to assist the many visitors drawn to the site which has been erupting within the crater since March 2008.

Halemaʻumaʻu web cam (opens in new window).

 

HOT LINES for Eruption Information

The June 27th lava flows from Pu'u 'Ō'ō are outside the park and the flow front is presently 12 miles east of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park's eastern boundary. The flows are inaccessible by foot or by car and the area is closed to the public.

Resources for more information about the lava flows:

USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
by phone at: (808) 967-8862
by web at: http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/activity/kilaueastatus.php

County of Hawai'i Civil Defense
by phone at: (808) 935-0031 (7:45 am - 4:30 pm)
by web at: http://www.hawaiicounty.gov/active-alerts/

 

November 28, 2014 - 8:16 AM HST

Activity Summary: Kīlauea Volcano continues to erupt at its summit and within its East Rift Zone. Active breakouts are occurring in the upper part of the June 27th flow field around the crack system near the abandoned geothermal well site. There has been no net ground tilt across the entire volcano over the past 24 hours, and the level of the summit lava lake fluctuated according to changes in spattering.

June 27th Lava Flow Observations: The lowermost breakouts from the crack system near the abandoned geothermal well site remain active. A Civil Defense overflight on Friday morning found that the most downslope breakout was approximately 5 km (3 mi) above Apaʻa Street. Satellite observations over the past few days indicate that lava is advancing slowly, both on top of and along the northwest margin of the previous flow. HVO is planning to conduct a helicopter overflight of the flow field today, although weather conditions may interfere with those operations.

 
November 24, 2014 - large scale lava flow map

November 24, 2014 Large Scale Lava Flow Map

Courtesy USGS - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

This large-scale map shows the June 27th lava flow in Kīlauea's East Rift Zone in relation to nearby Puna communities. The area of the flow on November 17, 2014, at 2:00 PM is shown in pink, while widening and advancement of the flow as mapped on November 24 at 12:00 PM is shown in red.

This afternoon there were lots of breakouts in the region of the distal crack(s) SW of Kaohe and close to the old well site. Today's activity consisted of pāhoehoe flows that are expanding the margins of the crack flows and also feeding a series of pāhoehoe lobes and breakouts that are moving downslope along the western margin of the first Pāhoa flow. Burning vegetation and smoke marks the advance of the pāhoehoe flows in the rainforest. Upslope there were a few tiny breakouts above where the tube enters the crack system.

Full resolution map (opens in new window)

The blue lines show steepest-descent paths calculated from a 1983 digital elevation model (DEM;for calculation details, see http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1264/. Steepest-descent path analysis is based on the assumption that the DEM perfectly represents the earth's surface. DEMs, however, are not perfect, so the blue lines on this map can be used to infer only approximate flow paths.

 
November 24, 2014 - small scale lava flow map

November 17, 2014 Small Scale Lava Flow Map

Courtesy USGS - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

This small-scale map shows the June 27th lava flow in Kīlauea's East Rift Zone in relation to lower Puna. The area of the flow on November 17, 2014, at 2:00 PM is shown in pink, while widening and advancement of the flow as mapped on November 24 at 12:00 PM is shown in red.

This afternoon the bulk of the activity was in the region of the distal East Rift Zone crack system, near the old geothermal well site, and downslope. As lava issues from the distal crack region, pāhoehoe flows are moving downslope, parallel to, and west of, the previous Pāhoa flow.

Full resolution map (opens in new window)

The blue lines show steepest-descent paths calculated from a 1983 digital elevation model (DEM;for calculation details, see http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1264/. Steepest-descent path analysis is based on the assumption that the DEM perfectly represents the earth's surface. DEMs, however, are not perfect, so the blue lines on this map can be used to infer only approximate flow paths.

 

The lava lakes in the Puʻu ʻŌʻō crater and Halemaʻumaʻu crater, as well as other views may be viewed on webcameras made available by the scientists at USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. Daily updates by staff that monitor Hawaiʻi's volcanoes provide visitors with the most recent observations on volcanic conditions.

 
Halema`uma`u vent - June 2, 2011 - web cam view

Webcam view of the lava lake within the summit vent in Halemaʻumaʻu on June  2, 2011.

USGS Webcamera

Links to More Information:

USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
Scientist's Daily Updates
Webcams
Air Quality Monitors
Earthquakes - Hawaiʻi
Earthquakes - Worldwide
Multimedia/Photos/Videos

 

If you are interested in more information about the Kīlauea east rift zone, we invite you to watch the video cast of USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory geophysicist Mike Poland from our After Dark in the Park presentation on August 23, 2011. Mike discusses the volcanic history of the area. It's one hour in length and can be viewed here

 
Pu`u `O`o view from Pu`u Huluhulu before the collapse
Scott Rowland of The University of Hawaiʻi captured this shot of Puʻu ʻŌʻō from the Puʻu Huluhulu lookout the evening before Puʻu ʻŌʻō collapsed and the west flank eruption began on August 3rd 2011.
 


Did You Know?