• Halema`uma`u Just Before Dawn

    Hawai'i Volcanoes

    National Park Hawai'i

Current Conditions

 
The eruption of Kīlauea volcano continues at two locations. In the park, the vent within Halema'uma'u Crater is easily viewed from the overlook at the Jaggar Museum. The second location is the Pu'u 'Ō'ō vent located 10 miles (16km) east of the summit, on the remote east rift zone of Kīlauea. This area is not accessible to the public. There is no lava flowing into or towards the ocean.
 
Halema‘uma‘u lights the morning sky

Halema‘uma‘u Lights the Morning Sky - Photo taken from the overlook by the Volcano House on January 30, 2014 @ 6:25 a.m. - Click for full size image

NPS Photo

Fumes and glow from the lava lake within the vent at the summit of Kīlauea may be seen from the Jaggar Museum overlook and other vantage points along Crater Rim Drive.

During the day a robust plume of volcanic gas is a constant and dramatic reminder of the molten rock churning in a lava lake within the crater. After sunset, Halema'uma'u continues to thrill visitors and park staff with a vivid glow that illuminates the clouds and plume (weather permitting).

Park rangers are on duty at the Jaggar Museum to assist the many visitors drawn to the site which has been erupting within the crater since March 2008.

Halemaʻumaʻu web cam (opens in new window).

 

HOT LINES for Eruption Information

The June 27th lava flows from Pu'u 'Ō'ō are outside of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park's eastern boundary. The flows are inaccessible by foot or by car and the area is closed to the public.

Resources for more information about the lava flows:

USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
by phone at: (808) 967-8862
by web at: http://hvo.wr.usgs.gov/activity/kilaueastatus.php

County of Hawai'i Civil Defense
by phone at: (808) 935-0031 (7:45 am - 4:30 pm)
by web at: http://www.hawaiicounty.gov/active-alerts/

 

January 27, 2015 - 9:04 AM HST

Activity Summary: Kīlauea Volcano continues to erupt at its summit and within its East Rift Zone. Field observations by HVO scientists on Monday placed the active tip of a narrow finger of lava from the June 27th lava flow roughly 500 m (~550 yd) from Highway 130 in the area west of the Pahoa Fire and Police Stations. Significant inflation within the interior of this lobe, in addition to continued breakouts along the northern margin 1 to 1-1/2 miles (~1.6 to 2.4 km) upslope of the flow tip and within the interior of this lobe, was also noted. The original flow front and south margin of the June 27th flow remain stalled. No significant changes are noted from Pu`u O`o or Kīlauea summit.

June 27th Lava Flow Observations: HVO field reports from area of the June 27th lava flow tip upslope of the Pahoa Fire and Police stations confirmed continued activity on Monday. Small breakouts extended from the tip to at least about 500 m upslope. The active flow tip was roughly 500 m (~550 yd) from Highway 130, at the end of a narrow advancing finger of lava less than 10 m across. This northeast advancing lobe also shows considerable inflation in its central part, with breakouts in the flow interior and incandescent cracks extending across the flow.

This morning's update from County Civil Defense reports no significant changes to the flow field since yesterday and that upslope breakouts along the north flow margin, some 1 to 1-1/2 mi (~1.6 to 2.4 km) behind the flow front remained active, but they have not advanced significantly. Additional active breakouts within the flow field and along the flow margins were also noted and smoke from resulting fires was evident in HVO Webcams. The original front of the June 27th lava flow and the south margin breakouts remain stalled.

Hot spots are evident in the images from the HVO Webcams deployed at Pahoa Marketplace, whether from lava breakouts or fires. They extend across significant fractions of the width of the fields of vision of those cameras.

 


 
Satellite Image of Area Around Flow Front

January 26, 2015 - Satellite Image of Area Around Flow Front

Courtesy USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

This large-scale map uses a satellite image acquired in March 2014 (provided by Digital Globe) as a base to show the area around the front of Kīlauea's active East Rift Zone lava flow. The area of the flow on January 22 is shown in pink, while widening and advancement of the flow based on satellite imagery acquired today (January 26), is shown in red.

Full resolution image (opens in new window)

The blue lines show steepest-descent paths calculated from a 1983 digital elevation model (DEM;for calculation details, see http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2007/1264/). Steepest-descent path analysis is based on the assumption that the DEM perfectly represents the earth's surface. DEMs, however, are not perfect, so the blue lines on this map can be used to infer only approximate flow paths.

 
January 22, 2015 - Large scale lava flow map

January 22, 2015 - Large Scale Lava Flow Map

Courtesy USGS - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

This large-scale map shows the distal part of Kīlauea's active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to nearby Puna communities. The area of the flow on January 19 is shown in pink, while widening and advancement of the flow as of January 22 is shown in red.

Full resolution map (opens in new window)

 
January 22, 2015 - small scale lava flow map

January 22, 2015 - Small Scale Lava Flow Map

Courtesy USGS - Hawaiian Volcano Observatory

This small-scale map shows Kīlauea's active East Rift Zone lava flow in relation to lower Puna. The area of the flow on January 19 is shown in pink, while widening and advancement of the flow as of January 22 is shown in red.

Full resolution map (opens in new window)

 

The lava lakes in the Puʻu ʻŌʻō crater and Halemaʻumaʻu crater, as well as other views may be viewed on webcameras made available by the scientists at USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory. Daily updates by staff that monitor Hawaiʻi's volcanoes provide visitors with the most recent observations on volcanic conditions.

 
Halema`uma`u vent - June 2, 2011 - web cam view

Webcam view of the lava lake within the summit vent in Halemaʻumaʻu on June  2, 2011.

USGS Webcamera

Links to More Information:

USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory
Scientist's Daily Updates
Webcams
Air Quality Monitors
Earthquakes - Hawaiʻi
Earthquakes - Worldwide
Multimedia/Photos/Videos

 

If you are interested in more information about the Kīlauea east rift zone, we invite you to watch the video cast of USGS Hawaiian Volcano Observatory geophysicist Mike Poland from our After Dark in the Park presentation on August 23, 2011. Mike discusses the volcanic history of the area. It's one hour in length and can be viewed here

 
Pu`u `O`o view from Pu`u Huluhulu before the collapse
Scott Rowland of The University of Hawaiʻi captured this shot of Puʻu ʻŌʻō from the Puʻu Huluhulu lookout the evening before Puʻu ʻŌʻō collapsed and the west flank eruption began on August 3rd 2011.
 


 

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