• Sun beginning to set at Harpers Ferry, as seen from Maryland Heights. Photo by NPS Volunteer Buddy Secor.

    Harpers Ferry

    National Historical Park WV,VA,MD

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  • Temporary Suspension of Reference Collection Research

    Due to the park archives and research room/library space move, new public research requests will not be filled until at least June 30th, 2014.

  • Change in Park Hours

    The park is currently open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. with the last shuttle bus departing Lower Town at 6:45 p.m. More »

Geologic Formations

stone steps

The famous stone steps leading up to Jefferson Rock.

NPS photo

The park is home to many interesting geologic formations such as the chevron folds visible in both Maryland and LoudounHeights and the old phyllite quarry sites located within the historic town itself. A favorite among visitors are the Stone Steps leading up to Jefferson Rock, which were carved directly into the phyllite in the lower town in the 19th century. Another notable geologic formation is the water gap between Maryland and LoudounHeights. This gap was formed about 360 million years ago when the Potomac River began cutting through the Appalachian Mountains. Today this gap marks the confluence of the Potomac and ShenandoahRivers and is considered by many to be the area's most prominent geological feature.

Did You Know?

Intake arches channeled water to power industry on Virginius Island.

Virginius Island was a thriving 19th-century industrial town along the Shenandoah River. By 1859, there were about three dozen buildings there.