• Sun beginning to set at Harpers Ferry, as seen from Maryland Heights. Photo by NPS Volunteer Buddy Secor.

    Harpers Ferry

    National Historical Park WV,VA,MD

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forest area

Forest area between Bolivar Heights and the Union Skirmish Line.

NPS photo

Approximately 70% of the park is covered with eastern deciduous forest. Well-drained forest ridges are characterized by chestnut oak (Quercus prinus), black oak (Quercus velutina), and northern red oak (Quercus rubra). Some of the better drained slopes are covered with bitternut hickory (Carya cordiformis), tulip poplar (Liriodendron tulipifera), and sugar maple (Acer saccharum). Shrub species common to this area include mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia), mapleleaf viburnum (Viburnum acerfolium), spicebush (Lindera benzoin), and American bladdernut (Staphylea trifolia). Some of the most abundant vine species found in the park include greenbrier (Smilax rotundifolia), Virginia creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), and wild grape (Vitis spp.).

Did You Know?

Today the John Brown Fort is across the street from its original location.

John Brown's Fort has been moved 4 times: in 1891 to Chicago to the World's Columbian Exposition, in 1895 to the Murphy Farm near Harpers Ferry, in 1909 to Storer College Campus and in 1968 to its present location.