• Approximately 1,500 black bears live in the national park.

    Great Smoky Mountains

    National Park NC,TN

Threatened and Endangered Species

The following park species are federally listed as Threatened or Endangered:

Mammals
• Myotis sodalis, Indiana bat - endangered
Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus, Carolina northern flying squirrel - endangered

Birds
Picoides borealis, Red-cockaded Woodpecker - endangered

Fish
Erimonax monachus, Spotfin chub - threatened
Etheostoma percnurum, Duskytail darter - endangered
Noturus baileyi, Smoky madtom - endangered
Noturus flavipinnis, Yellowfin madtom - threatened

Arthropods
Microhexura montivaga, Spruce-fir moss spider - endangered

Plants
Geum radiatum, Spreading avens - endangered
Spiraea virginiana, Virginia spiraea - threatened
Gymnoderma lineare, Rock gnome lichen - endangered

The following species have been extirpated:
Canis lupus, Gray wolf - endangered
Canis rufus, Red wolf - endangered
Felis concolor couguar, Eastern puma or cougar - endangered


In addition the following Federal Species of Concern are found in the park

Mammals
Myotis leibii, Eastern small-footed bat
Sorex palustris, Water shrew
Sylvilagus obscurus, Appalachian cottontail

Birds
Ammodramus henslowii, Henslow's Sparrow
Contopus cooperi, Olive-sided Flycatcher
Dendroica cerulean, Cerulean Warbler
Loxia curvirostra, Red Crossbill
Poecile atricapillus, Black-capped Chickadee
Sphyrapicus varius, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Vermivora chrysoptera, Golden-winged Warbler

Amphibians
Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, Eastern hellbender
Desmognathus aeneus, Seepage salamander
Eurycea junaluska, Junaluska salamander

Fish
Percina squamata, Olive darter
Phoxinus tennesseensis, Tennessee dace

Plants
Abies fraseri, Fraser fir
Calamagrostis cainii, Cain's reed-bent grass
Cardamine clematitis, Mountain bittercress
Glyceria nubigena, Smoky Mountain manna grass
Silene ovata, Blue Ridge catchfly

Did You Know?