• Approximately 1,500 black bears live in the national park.

    Great Smoky Mountains

    National Park NC,TN

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  • Trail Advisory

    Several trails in the park are temporarily closed. Please check the "Backcountry Facilities" section of the Temporary Road and Facilities Closures page for further details. More »

Threatened and Endangered Species

The following park species are federally listed as Threatened or Endangered:

• Myotis sodalis, Indiana bat - endangered
Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus, Carolina northern flying squirrel - endangered

Picoides borealis, Red-cockaded Woodpecker - endangered

Erimonax monachus, Spotfin chub - threatened
Etheostoma percnurum, Duskytail darter - endangered
Noturus baileyi, Smoky madtom - endangered
Noturus flavipinnis, Yellowfin madtom - threatened

Microhexura montivaga, Spruce-fir moss spider - endangered

Geum radiatum, Spreading avens - endangered
Spiraea virginiana, Virginia spiraea - threatened
Gymnoderma lineare, Rock gnome lichen - endangered

The following species have been extirpated:
Canis lupus, Gray wolf - endangered
Canis rufus, Red wolf - endangered
Felis concolor couguar, Eastern puma or cougar - endangered

In addition the following Federal Species of Concern are found in the park

Myotis leibii, Eastern small-footed bat
Sorex palustris, Water shrew
Sylvilagus obscurus, Appalachian cottontail

Ammodramus henslowii, Henslow's Sparrow
Contopus cooperi, Olive-sided Flycatcher
Dendroica cerulean, Cerulean Warbler
Loxia curvirostra, Red Crossbill
Poecile atricapillus, Black-capped Chickadee
Sphyrapicus varius, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Vermivora chrysoptera, Golden-winged Warbler

Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, Eastern hellbender
Desmognathus aeneus, Seepage salamander
Eurycea junaluska, Junaluska salamander

Percina squamata, Olive darter
Phoxinus tennesseensis, Tennessee dace

Abies fraseri, Fraser fir
Calamagrostis cainii, Cain's reed-bent grass
Cardamine clematitis, Mountain bittercress
Glyceria nubigena, Smoky Mountain manna grass
Silene ovata, Blue Ridge catchfly

Did You Know?

Marbled salamanders are one of 30 salamander species native to the park.

There are at least 30 different species of salamanders in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. This gives the Smokies the distinction of having the most diverse salamander population anywhere in the world and has earned the park the nickname “Salamander Capital of the World.” More...