Species list of all known fish species in Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Native species are considered those species found in area waters prior to the arrival of European settlers. Game species are considered those that anglers seek for recreational fishing and harvest. Stream/Reservoir indicates fish may occupy the Fontana Lake impoundment and/or the lower reaches of streams flowing into it.
* Indicates Federally Threatened
Species List Revised 07/2013 by Thomas Johnson, Fisheries Technician
Page, L. M., H. Espinosa-Perez, L. T. Findley, C. R. Gilbert, R. N. Lea, N. E. Mandrak, R. L. Mayden, and J. S. Nelson. 2013. Common and scientific names of fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico, 7th edition. American Fisheries Society, Special Publication 34, Bethesda, Maryland.
Page, L. M., and Burr, B. M. 2011. A field guide to freshwater fishes: North America north of Mexico, 2nd edition. Houghton Mifflin Harcourt.
Etnier, D. A., and Starnes, W. C. 1993. The fishes of Tennessee. University of Tennessee Press.
Did You Know?
The park’s high elevation heath balds are treeless expanses where dense thickets of shrubs such as mountain laurel, rhododendron, and sand myrtle grow. Known as “laurel slicks” and “hells” by early settlers, heath balds were most likely created by forest fires long ago. More...