• Approximately 1,500 black bears live in the national park.

    Great Smoky Mountains

    National Park NC,TN

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  • Trail Advisory

    Several trails in the park are temporarily closed. Please check the "Backcountry Facilities" section of the Temporary Road and Facilities Closures page for further details. More »


Eastern Pipistrelle bats are one of the species affected by white nose syndrome.

Eastern pipistrelles are one of the bats species affected by white nose syndrome.

Photo by Ann Froschauer.

Entry into caves or mine shafts in the national park is prohibited.

This closure has been initiated due to recommendations issued by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service concerning white-nose syndrome (WNS) in bats. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service estimates that more than 5,700,000 bats have died from white-nose syndrome, and many more bats are at immediate risk.

Wildlife managers are concerned about the outbreak because bats congregate by the thousands in caves and mines to hibernate during winter months. This behavior increases the potential that the disease will spread among hibernating bats. In addition, hibernating bats disperse in spring and migrate, sometimes hundreds of miles away, to spend the summer.

Most bats affected to date are little brown bats, but the fungus has also been found on endangered Indiana bats, raising concerns about the impacts on a species already at risk. Other affected bat species include the eastern pipistrelle and northern long-eared bat.

Researchers are trying to determine if the fungus itself is responsible for the deaths or if its presence is symptomatic of another problem.

Please read about white nose syndrome in the park's bats, please read Cave Bats in Crisis or visit the US Fish and Wildlife Service website at http://www.fws.gov/northeast/white_nose.html

Permit for Scientific Research
Please visit the National Park Service's Research Permit and Reporting website for information regarding scientific research permits. If you have specific questions pertaining to research projects in the Smokies, please e-mail or call (828) 926-6251.

Did You Know?

Visitors can often spot bears in trees at the edges of forests.

Approximately 1,500 black bears live in the park. This equals a population density of approximately two bears per square mile. Bears can be found throughout the park, but are easiest to spot in open areas such as Cades Cove and Cataloochee Valley. More...