• Approximately 1,500 black bears live in the national park.

    Great Smoky Mountains

    National Park NC,TN

Threatened and Endangered Species

The following park species are federally listed as Threatened or Endangered:

• Myotis sodalis, Indiana bat - endangered
Glaucomys sabrinus coloratus, Carolina northern flying squirrel - endangered

Picoides borealis, Red-cockaded Woodpecker - endangered

Erimonax monachus, Spotfin chub - threatened
Etheostoma percnurum, Duskytail darter - endangered
Noturus baileyi, Smoky madtom - endangered
Noturus flavipinnis, Yellowfin madtom - threatened

Microhexura montivaga, Spruce-fir moss spider - endangered

Geum radiatum, Spreading avens - endangered
Spiraea virginiana, Virginia spiraea - threatened
Gymnoderma lineare, Rock gnome lichen - endangered

The following species have been extirpated:
Canis lupus, Gray wolf - endangered
Canis rufus, Red wolf - endangered
Felis concolor couguar, Eastern puma or cougar - endangered

In addition the following Federal Species of Concern are found in the park

Myotis leibii, Eastern small-footed bat
Sorex palustris, Water shrew
Sylvilagus obscurus, Appalachian cottontail

Ammodramus henslowii, Henslow's Sparrow
Contopus cooperi, Olive-sided Flycatcher
Dendroica cerulean, Cerulean Warbler
Loxia curvirostra, Red Crossbill
Poecile atricapillus, Black-capped Chickadee
Sphyrapicus varius, Yellow-bellied Sapsucker
Vermivora chrysoptera, Golden-winged Warbler

Cryptobranchus alleganiensis, Eastern hellbender
Desmognathus aeneus, Seepage salamander
Eurycea junaluska, Junaluska salamander

Percina squamata, Olive darter
Phoxinus tennesseensis, Tennessee dace

Abies fraseri, Fraser fir
Calamagrostis cainii, Cain's reed-bent grass
Cardamine clematitis, Mountain bittercress
Glyceria nubigena, Smoky Mountain manna grass
Silene ovata, Blue Ridge catchfly

Did You Know?