Wheeler Peak Scenic Drive
Taking a drive along the Wheeler Peak Scenic Drive is a highlight of any visit to Great Basin National Park. A true mountain road, the scenic drive hugs the mountains of the South Snake Range, slowly winding you to a point above all others, where vistas reach the horizon, and one is met with a pristine view of the rugged, harsh, yet surprisingly beautiful Great Basin Desert.
Driving into the Clouds
Starting at the Park boundary on Nevada Highway 488, the Wheeler Peak Scenic Drive takes you on a paved 12 mile, out and back road to an elevation exceeding 10,000 feet above sea level, to the face of Wheeler Peak. Along this 12 mile road, you will gain over 4,000 feet in elevation, and cross through numerous ecological zones, the equivalent of driving from Baker, Nevada, to the frozen Yukon, thousands of miles to the north. As you leave the Great Basin Desert, you will be amazed as to the diversity of life that lives just feet above the barren desert beneath. It is not uncommon to see mule deer, marmots, coyotes, jackrabbits, as you climb along the road.
As you leave the sagebrush, you will notice some drastic changes as the low shrubs are replaced by taller and taller pine trees. By 8,000 feet, you are passing through a prime example of a pristine Pinyon/Juniper woodland ecological zone. Look closely, and you will see subtle differences between these two common trees. Pinyon pines have sharp, round needles emerging singly from the tree stem, while juniper needles are very short and lay close together, giving the appearance of scales.
Mountain Mahogany Wilderness
By 9,000 feet, you have left the mountain mahogany , and entered a forest of mixed conifers. As you examine the forest, you will see groves of white fir, Douglas fir, and ponderosa pine. Telling these trees apart is as easy as looking at their needles. White fir has flat needles that arch upwards, Douglas fir has drooping branches with three terminal buds at the end, while ponderosa pine is the large tree with reddish bark and long needles. Stick your nose in the cracks in the bark of the ponderosa pine. You will smell a distinct smell that reminds some of vanilla, and others of butterscotch- you decide for yourself!
Families of Aspens
By the time you reach the Summit Trailhead, you have completed your journey from the harsh sagebrush flats to the surprisingly lush and diverse sub-alpine forests of the Snake Range. In just 12 miles, you have traveled through the same eco-regions that you would have encountered as if you drove from Baker, Nevada to the frozen Yukon, thousands of miles north.
Gateway to the Park
Use the Wheeler Peak Scenic drive to access the popular hiking trails to the Alpine Lakes, the bristlecone pine interpretive trail, the Osceola Ditch, and the Wheeler Peak Summit Trailhead.
For Your Safety
Please use caution while driving the Wheeler Peak Scenic Drive. The narrowness of the road, and the danger of wildlife crossings, limits driving speeds to 35 mph. This speed limit is strictly enforced for your safety, the safety of others, and the safety of the wildlife. When descending, use lower gears to avoid excessive wearing of brake sin an effort to maintain a safe speed. Due to the winding nature of the road, it is illegal to pass traffic along the entire road.
For your safety, please stop only at pullouts. Vehicles and trailers over 24 feet in length are not permitted beyond the Upper Lehman Creek Campground (mile marker 3). During the winter, this road is impassible, and is closed to vehicle traffic at the Upper Lehman Campground. The road is usually open by Memorial Day weekend. Please refer to Current Conditions for updates.
Did You Know?
The Bonneville cutthroat trout is the only trout native to Great Basin National Park and East Central Nevada. Ancestors of the current Bonneville cutthroat trout were abundant in ancient Lake Bonneville 16,000 to 18,000 years ago, the remnant of what is now the Great Salt Lake in Utah.