• Get away to Gateway, where you can camp and stay healthy with heart-smart activities. Photo by Sebastiano Privitera; used by permission.


    National Recreation Area NY,NJ

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  • Sand Replenishment at Jacob Riis Park Beach

    Sand replenishment at Jacob Riis Park Beach has begun. During this project, sections of the beach will be closed to the public for their safety. Replenishment is expected to take up to two weeks.

  • The Floyd Bennett Field Archery Range will be closed on October 22

    Sections of the archery range parking lot will be excavated by the Army Corps of Engineers, to remove defunct fuel lines. The archery range will reopen October 23.

Second System Fortifications located in today's Fort Wadsworth

Fort Richmond as a 2nd system fort.

Sketch of the 2nd system Fort Richmond.

By Captain Parassin, 1819.  Image in "A History of Fort Wadsworth, New York Harbor", 1983.

The U.S. Government authorized funding for fortifications in New York's inner harbor beginning in 1807. They also recognized the importance of Staten Island but did not fund construction at the Narrows.

The state of New York built fortifications on Staten Island on land that later became today's Fort Wadsworth. These were 2nd system fortifications.

Forts constructed on Staten Island during this system:

Fort Richmond was a semi-circular shaped water battery completed in 1810. It was located along the shore, at the bottom of Flag Staff Hill. A masonry work, it was built of red sandstone blocks. During the War of 1812, it was armed with with twenty-seven 32-pounder cannon.

Fort Tompkins constructed atop Flag Staff Hill, was designed as a casemated, pentagonal-shaped work. It featured five circular tower bastions. The fort was intended to mount 76 heavy caliber guns and 26 howitzers. Though construction began in 1814, the fort was not completed after the War of 1812.

Fort Smith was a squared, timber and earthern redoubt located southwest of Fort Tompkins. During the War of 1812, four 18-pounder cannon were emplaced at the redoubt.

Fort Hudson was an L-shaped gun battery, completed in 1810. It comprised two earth and timber platforms, with one located behind and above the other. This work was located south of the Fort Tompkins site, designed for eighty guns. At least fifty-four 24-pounders during the War of 1812.

Fort Morton was a curved earthern battery, located between Forts Tompkins and Hudson. It was completed in 1810 and built to hold twelve cannon. Only nine 24-pounders were emplaced there during the War of 1812.

None of the 2nd system forts exist today. Fort Tompkins and Fort Richmond, were demolished and replaced with new 3rd system fortifications.

New York State Fortifications as they existed in 1819.
Map of the 2nd system fortifications built by New York State.  These fortifications are within the today's Fort Wadsworth.
By Captain Parassin, 1819.  Map appears in "A History of Fort Wadsworth, New York Harbor," 1983.

Did You Know?

Jacob Riis

Journalist Jacob Riis was called "New York's most useful citizen," by Theodore Roosevelt. Riis often accompanied Police Commissioner Roosevelt in raids exposing the hardship of life for New York City's poor and immigrant populations and published his photos in newspapers. More...