• Get away to Gateway, where you can camp and stay healthy with heart-smart activities. Photo by Sebastiano Privitera; used by permission.

    Gateway

    National Recreation Area NY,NJ

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  • Sand Replenishment at Jacob Riis Park Beach

    Sand replenishment at Jacob Riis Park Beach has begun. During this project, sections of the beach will be closed to the public for their safety. Replenishment is expected to take up to two weeks.

  • The Floyd Bennett Field Archery Range will be closed on October 22

    Sections of the archery range parking lot will be excavated by the Army Corps of Engineers, to remove defunct fuel lines. The archery range will reopen October 23.

Battery Potter

Battery Potter's 12 inch gun firing.

Battery Potter's 12 inch gun firing.

Gateway NRA/NPS Museum Collection

Fort Hancock's Battery Potter, constructed from 1890-1894, was the first disappearing gun battery in the U. S. Originally called Lift-gun Battery #1, it was the first and only disappearing gun battery powered by a steam hydraulic lift system. In operation from 1893-1906, it was obsolete by the time it was built because the fastest firing of the gun took over two minutes.

The Army had developed a new gun carriage that used a counterweight to raise and lower the gun called the Buffington-Crozier carriage. This carriage allowed the guns to fire two rounds per minute.

Battery Potter stayed in operation until 1906 because it had a 360 degree range of fire and was capable of covering Sandy Hook Bay. When Battery Arrowsmith was constructed on the bayside of Sandy Hook at Camp Low, Battery Potter's guns were no longer needed.

Through the work of volunteer-in-park Mike Mason, you can view the inner workings of the battery posted on YouTube.

Battery Potter gun lift

Battery Potter

Battery Potter 2

 
Battery Potter

View of Battery Potter looking southeast.  One gun is raised in the firing position.

Gateway NRA/NPS Museum Collection


Tours of
Battery Potter

Battery Potter is open for tours on Sunday in the summer from 1 p.m.- 4:30 p.m. Call 732-872-5970 for dates.

Meet a Ranger or volunteer to go inside this man made cave like structure. See where soldiers once manned the guns. Feel the damp conditions created by twenty foot thick walls of concrete. Learn what advances in machinery and building techniques made possible in the 1890s.

 
Want to know more about Battery Potter? Click here to read the Historic Structures Report on Battery Potter, Mortar Battery and Battery Gunnison.
 
Drawing of soldiers loading Battery Potter's gun.
Drawing of soldiers loading Battery Potter's gun.
NPS/Harpers Ferry Center Commissioned Artwork.

Did You Know?

Fort Hancock Foghorn newspaper announces Judy Garland's performance in 1943

Did you know that many celebrities visited Fort Hancock in World War II? Judy Garland performed for the soldiers at Fort Hancock in 1943. Lana Turner also visited the fort during the war. More...