Places

Visitors gather for an evening program with Ellwood Manor in background

Crowd gathers for an evening program at Ellwood Manor

NPS Photo

In addition to the park visitor centers at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, there are four historic buildings that are open to the public. Chatham is open daily, the others less often depending upon the time of year.

Chatham Manor is a stately colonial mansion with beautiful gardens and views of old town Fredericksburg and the Rappahannock River. The house was a major Union headquarters and hospital during the Civil War. It is possible that no home in America has a longer list of famous people who have walked the floors of this historic building. Half of the ten rooms have exhibits and docents are on hand to give tours and answer questions. It is also the park headquarters.

Salem Church is a Baptist Church that served as a refugee center for the citizens of Fredericksburg during the Battle of Fredericksburg. During the Chancellorsville Campaign, on May 3, 1863, fighting surged around the church. In the aftermath of the fighting the church was used as a hospital by the Confederates.

Stonewall Jackson Shrine is where Confederate General Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson died on May 10, 1863. After being wounded at Chancellorsville on May 2, Jackson was transported to Guniea Station to await the repair of the railroad which would send him to a hospital in Richmond. He developed pneumonia and died. The room he died in contains the original bedframe, blanket and clock. When the buidling is open, historians tell visitors about the last days of Jackson's life.

Ellwood Manor was used as a hospital by the Confederates during the Chancellorsville Campaign and as a headquarters and hospital by the Union during the Wilderness Camapign. "Stonewall" Jackson's arm is buried in the family cemetery.

 

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